Who is in t poor. Does it stand up to employees or tradesmen?

With each change of tax and door, there will be a discussion between employees and self-employed persons, of whom the state will benefit from. Addressed representatives of tradesmen and employees met in the duel iDNES.cz.

Who’s on it, an employee or a self-employed person?

Argumenty ivnostnk
In Czech, you often encounter the view that, thanks to the high pay gap, it is appropriate to be a self-employed person. With this general notion, the representatives of business representatives disagree and, on the contrary, point out that employees in the Czech Republic have a relatively old position, especially in terms of security arising from the end of work.

“The employee comes to work, he must have work ready, including work aids. If this is not the case, it is a problem of the employer and employees despite the salary b. small and medium-sized enterprises and entrepreneurs Eva Svobodov.

He considers it a typical example of an imbalance that a self-employed person is not entitled to paid leave, meals at work, meal vouchers and in the event of illness from the 4th to the 21st day of non-payment of wages, while he has to pay this compensation to his employees.

Arguments zamstnanc
Representatives of a number of employees in the field of defects mainly long-term tax reduction and payment of profits.

“Despite the new Ministry of Finance, the proposed tax reform proposal will require further tax cuts and again only for the highest income groups, businesses and companies,” warn employee representatives.

The Ministry of Finance proposes a drastic reduction in premium rates for social and health insurance (social insurance from the current 29.2 percent to 6.5 percent, health insurance from the current 13.5 percent to 6.5 percent).

Employees, on the other hand, have an increase in health insurance contributions by two percent and are also exempt from taxes and benefits.

Employees and self-employed people pay sickness insurance. In the event of illness, however, employees will currently receive a wage payment after those days, and employees and sickness benefits after 21 days. How is the situation on this situation?

Argumenty ivnostnk
The entrepreneur sees the main problem in the fact that the so-called reimbursements are paid by the employer to his sick employees from the 4th to the 21st day of illness. The sickness contract, the first 21 days of illness will not receive a pension.

“This is often perceived as discriminated against,” concludes Pavla Bekov, a member of the Board of Directors of the Association of Small and Medium-sized Enterprises and Employees. According to them, the state should be able to allow at least the cost of paying out wage payments, possibly against social security contributions, which is a sickness benefit.

“The system does not currently work in this way, creating an obvious social inequality,” he concluded.

Arguments zamstnanc
The employees’ representatives themselves stated that they did not agree with the introduction of wage payment and the establishment of a different approach to employees and employees. However, he added that even though employers increased their costs due to the payment of wages to sick employees, they also had a slight reduction in their compulsory health insurance contributions.

It is a self-employed person, so no one else can provide wage compensation. Compared to the original one, the sickness insurance contributions were also reduced for him.

If the illness of the employee and the employee lasts according to less than 21 days, both entitlements to sickness benefit are paid by the district administration of social security.

Since 2011, it has ceased to be appropriate for women entrepreneurs to prepare for maternity pay for a certain period of substantial number of sickness insurance. How is it that these women can’t maximize it in their motherhood?

Argumenty ivnostnk
According to Pavla Bekov, this is not a major problem. It is wrong, however, that your mother was redeemed by substantially increased contributions for both sickness and social and health insurance, while the mother is able to draw only a maximum of 28 weeks.

“If we take into account, for example, the impossibility of paying compensation for recovery leave for self-employed persons, who, on the other hand, fully pay the employee for maternity leave, it is again a disadvantaged self-employed person,” Bekov concludes.

Arguments zamstnanc
According to the department, the public health insurance system is able to compensate for income during a social event under the same conditions. It must be fair and based on equal access to all your insurance.

“Within one system, one group cannot be matched to another. All insured persons pay into the insurance system according to the earned income, regardless of whether they will be ill, pregnant, etc., ”warn the employee representatives.

The previous practice, which made it possible to increase the insurance premium, or to pay it back so that the entrepreneur or entrepreneurs at the top, the employees take the representatives as speculative breeding, ie the implementation of the tunneling public system. The insurance premium paid by the entrepreneur represented only a fraction of what was subsequently paid to her as a maternity allowance.

The self-employed person has the opportunity to decide whether to keep standard tax records and ethnicity, or whether to apply a flat rate. They can therefore influence the final tax that they pay. Employees do not have such an opportunity. How is V nzor on this situation?

Argumenty ivnostnk
“When an entrepreneur has the opportunity, but not known, he can influence the final tax. Vnmm it as a small compensation for courage and for accepting responsibility for one’s own haste and non-haste, ”to Pavla Bekov.

At the same time, however, he draws attention to the duality of this “benefit”. He pays less business tax, so all sources of financing become inaccessible to him, such as operational and investment funds, and the development of the company will be more difficult. For the bank, due to the low profit, it becomes an unpromising client.

Arguments zamstnanc

The trade union does not like to give a paula, which currently ranges between 40 – 80 percent, in the so-called “varsystem”. That is, in the case of an employee who works on the basis of a trade license. He usually gets the necessary work at work, instead of the classic payment, but issue an invoice and then deduct the expenses from his income.

“One hundred percent of such ‘traders’ use the tax paula, which today is 60 percent for non-craft activities and 80 percent for craft activities, even when they do not have data at the dark,” the union said.

According to them, there is no such thing in the developed economies of the mon. “It is based on the fact that most of the population there to place, grow and travel and record both the income and the main items of expenditure. According to the expenditure, the administration is only used to facilitate the administration in the event of a large number of small items of government expenditure, ”he adds.

Koho stt odr vc?

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