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Teachers asked to cancel exams in schools during the pandemic

The first quarter of the school year showed that the educational results of schoolchildren after the spring retirement, to put it mildly, leave much to be desired. Now teachers and experts in the field of education suggest that a decision be made as soon as possible to abolish the OGE and spring CDE, and leave the USE only for those entering universities.

Study in light package

Back in September, it became clear that the spring remoteness hurt education. However, instead of allowing teachers to restore the gaps in students’ knowledge in September, the officials let the VPR (All-Russian Testing Works) on schools, which could not be carried out in the spring.

In addition, since the beginning of the school year, classes have been quarantined one by one, which further worsened the situation. In this regard, the trade union “Teacher” has sent to the Ministry of Education its proposals on urgent measures necessary to bring the education system into a working state. We talked with the co-chairman of the trade union Vsevolod Lukhovitsky about how to preserve full-fledged education for children in the context of a pandemic.

– For the second month, teachers and parents have been living in a situation of extreme tension, while the Ministry of Education and regional ministries pretend that everything is in order, and training during an epidemic is the same as regular training. In the meantime, due to the new increase in the number of cases, a significant part of educational institutions, individual classes and students switched to distance learning. With remote teaching, the load on teachers, schoolchildren and their parents increases significantly. It is clear that we are in an emergency, but we need to sacrifice something in order to get out of it with minimal losses, both in terms of health and the quality of education.

– What measures need to be taken right now?

– First of all, right now it is necessary to announce the abolition of the OGE, VLF and the final essay for the current year, and leave the Unified State Exam only for those entering universities. These decisions need to be made in advance in order to reduce the burden on teachers and schoolchildren during online learning, to enable them to study the current program, and not to train children for exams.

In addition, it is necessary to allow schools to independently change and shorten curricula, this will, if necessary, reduce the number of online lessons and the volume of educational material. The fact is that education in a pandemic will not allow the majority of schoolchildren to master the educational program in the required volume. Even in those regions where distance learning has not been introduced, classes are occasionally quarantined, teachers spend a lot of time on sick leave, and a growing shortage of personnel due to the dismissal of those teachers who are not ready to work in difficult conditions of epidemiological restrictions.

– Will you fail to complete the program in any case?

– It is better to grasp at least part of the material well than to get a spring situation, when many have nothing left in their heads. The problem is also that Russian education is still not ready to move to distance education on a massive scale. The point is the lack of technical means, and the shortage of teaching methods, and the fact that in a situation of severe stress and high morbidity, teachers cannot master these methods in a matter of days.

All this is aggravated by the shortage of teaching staff and the high workload on working teachers. At the same time, it is also necessary to think about the health of students and teachers, the increased workload during online learning turns into various diseases.

– Is it possible to somehow improve the quality of remote training?

– In addition to the ability to change the curriculum, the Ministry of Education should officially allow teachers to independently choose the forms and methods of teaching. They should not be forced to work on a particular electronic platform that they are not used to, or to use the mandatory ezine option.

For the duration of the pandemic, all activities that are not related to the educational process should be abandoned, including taking advanced training courses, participating in competitions, etc. It is necessary to oblige the regional authorities to provide teachers with the necessary technical means and programs, as well as the Internet for distance learning. All these measures will allow teachers to devote the maximum amount of time directly to teaching children, and will make this process better.

– What about the free circles and sections that are now closed?

– In most institutions of additional education, classes are held in small groups of 10-15 people, in music schools most of the lessons are generally individual. The same theaters are allowed to work on the condition of a chess seating; similar measures could be envisaged in the same palaces of creativity, music and art schools. Not all institutions may agree to operate in such an environment, but they should at least be empowered to do so. This will preserve jobs for teachers, and give children back the opportunity to do what they love.

The doctor named three drugs that need to be stocked up in a coronavirus pandemic

The head of the Department of General and Clinical Pharmacology of the RUDN University, Professor Sergey Zyryanov, told what drugs should be stocked up for future use during the COVID-19 pandemic. Write about this “Arguments and Facts”.

No doctor's appointment is required to buy them

According to the pharmacologist, first of all, the home medicine cabinet needs to be replenished with antipyretic drugs. This can be paracetamol or ibuprofen, but it is better to give preference to the former, because medical research has shown ambiguity in the effectiveness of ibuprofen in treating symptoms of coronavirus. So, for example, in the course of some studies, the drug worsened the course of the disease.

The professor also advised to have nose drops on hand. Vitamin D, which has recently become a “fashionable topic” with COVID-19, will not be superfluous. At the same time, it should be taken without fanaticism, because an overdose can lead to a number of unpleasant consequences, including vascular damage and renal failure.

Zyryanov also added that in no case should one buy antibiotics and be treated with them without a doctor’s instructions. The same goes for antiviral drugs.

“They have a lot of unwanted reactions,” the doctor explained.

Earlier, an international group of scientists found that the hormone melatonin, which is synthesized during sleep, can alleviate the course of coronavirus disease.

Read also: Scientists gave a forecast for the peak of the coronavirus pandemic in Russia

The fall of the residual knowledge of Russian schoolchildren in the pandemic has been measured

The Russian authorities are summing up the results of testing the knowledge that has stuck in the heads of schoolchildren since the last academic year, noticeably spoiled by the distant finale. The results of the All-Russian verification works, as we found out, dropped by 10-15%, which, however, is better than expected. But the results of international studies PISA, although they will be announced later, are expected to be at least no worse than the previous ones.

Actually, it didn’t hurt to test the knowledge of schoolchildren this fall, to call a spade a spade.

Everyone who could – experts, teachers, and parents – spoke out against the All-Russian verification work – CDF, postponed due to the coronavirus pandemic from last spring to the beginning of the new school year. It probably could not be otherwise, because due to the unpreparedness of our education system for the transition to online mode, almost the entire 4th quarter of the 2019-2020 academic year was wasted for students. And who wants to fall under the distribution, as soon as the VLOOKUP results clearly reflect this? Of course, no one! Here schools and fought off checks to the last.

The PISA research has its own problems. Due to the lockdowns of Russian schools that began in October, the participation of our students in the tests turned out to be a serious question. But still they made it. And international studies, as Ilya Denisenko, deputy director of the Federal Institute for Education Quality Assessment, specified, as planned, 39260 students from 1.4 thousand schools in 14 regions of our country passed through. (All 85 Russian territories will pass through this test by 2024).

The last participants in the PISA research, as the head of Rosobrnadzor Anzor Muzaev specified, wrote their works only a few days ago, so the general results will not be officially announced soon. But the results of the VPR are already known. And, although the data on the results achieved by specific regions are strictly classified, so as not to provoke massive manipulations and falsifications of a number of high places in the overall rankings, the overall result is clear: the current results are lower than last year.

However, there are objective reasons for this, assured MK Muzaev.

– Usually VLOOKUP is written in April, at the peak of training in the current academic year. But now, for well-known reasons, VLOOKUP has been postponed to autumn. And writing a work for the last academic year is actually a test of not current, but residual knowledge, which is a completely different matter. Therefore, many feared that the results would be disastrous. And they turned out to be unexpectedly good!

How it looks in practice, “MK” explained the director of the Federal Institute for Education Quality Assessment Sergei Stanchenko.

– When checking residual knowledge, the decrease is about 10-15%. It is within these limits that we are. But the main point of VLOOKUP was for schools to diagnose gaps and not rush to study new topics until they mastered the previous “blind spots” and “black holes”. In this regard, the Ministry of Education is already preparing recommendations for adjusting school curricula. It is now completely clear that such an adjustment is necessary.

The checks, in fact, were carried out in order to “determine what decisions need to be made in the near future regarding the postcoid period,” said Muzaev. “In addition, they will help to understand how the 4th quarter affected the students, and what defects are possible.”

REFERENCE “MK”. In 2020, more than 7 million students from 37 thousand schools took part in the all-Russian test works. The total number of VLF participants has increased compared to last year.

Preliminary data indicate a slight decrease in CDF results this year compared to last. Problems also remain with the objectivity of conducting CDS in some schools, although the total number of such schools is decreasing.

Rosobrnadzor promises to publish the list of schools with signs of bias in the conduct of CDR by the end of this year. Well, “we will help schools that have shown low CDF results. This year, we launched the 500 project to support weak schools. Next year, a significant expansion of this project is planned, up to a third of schools from the list of schools with low results in each region will take part in it, ”said Sergei Stanchenko.