The Federation Council plans to complete work on the so-called “draft law on domestic violence” by December 1. We are talking about the legislative consolidation of the prevention of domestic, including psychological, domestic violence, which they have been trying to implement in vain for 10 years. The main goal of the document is to provide victims of violence with the right to protection from the aggressor, as well as to reduce the number of such crimes.
However, a number of experts believe that such a law, if adopted, will lead to the destruction of the institution of the family and make almost half of the citizens of Russia criminals.
The first deputy chairman of the Federation Council committee on social policy Inna Svyatenko said that by December 1 it is planned to complete the preparation of a bill on the prevention of domestic violence. And Tatyana Kasaeva, a member of the State Duma Committee on Education and Science, explained that this law is necessary, since now the state can interfere in the private life of citizens only after a crime has been committed, while there are practically no preventive measures.
“You can tighten the legislation as much as you like, come up with different measures, weaken the law somewhere. But if we do not carry out systematic work to ensure that these facts do not exist at all, everything is useless. It is wrong when the prosecutor’s office deals with one thing, the Ministry of Internal Affairs deals with another, and social activists do something else. Because the Ministry of Internal Affairs may have information that there are facts of violence in the family that have not yet passed into either the criminal or the administrative plane. And other bodies, for example, guardianship authorities, may not know these facts. Comprehensive measures are needed, – the deputy explained.
In addition, Kasayeva stressed that domestic violence is committed not only against women, but also children, disabled people, the elderly, and in some cases even healthy men suffer from it. These aspects will be taken into account in the final version of the document. In addition, if the bill is passed, victims of violence will be entitled to rehabilitation and a protective order, according to which the aggressors will be prohibited from approaching their victims.
However, opponents of the bill believe that its essence is not in helping victims of violence, but in an attempt to destroy the institution of the family and to obtain the right to take children away from their parents without trial or investigation. In particular, expert of the All-Russian Research Institute of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia, criminologist Elena Timoshina emphasizes that this document introduces the concept of “psychological violence”, which is very subjective and will be interpreted by judges, which is called the taste and color. All this can lead to unjustified prosecution of citizens or the seizure of their children. “People will be afraid to enter into serious relationships, into family relationships. Why should I do this, if for every sidelong glance, ill-conceived word I can be held accountable? ” – Timoshina explained.
It is interesting that similar bills have been submitted to the State Duma 40 times over the past 10 years, but none of them even reached the first reading.