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Foreign students of domestic universities demanded to let them into Russia

On Sunday, it became known that foreign students turned to the International Committee for the Defense of Human Rights with a request to allow them to return to Russia for further education. About 2 thousand students complained about the low quality of distance learning, as well as problems with the Internet in their countries. Some students said that they were forcibly sent on academic leave, while others are in danger of being expelled because of not passed workshops. The students themselves told us about what is actually happening with the education of foreign students in Russian universities.

Ivan Melnikov, vice-president of the Russian branch of the International Committee for the Protection of Human Rights, sent an appeal to Deputy Prime Minister Tatyana Golikova, in which he asked to help foreign students of Russian universities return to Russia. We found out what problems foreign students faced.

The mother of a student of the Faculty of Chemistry of St. Petersburg State University from Lithuania said that due to the impossibility of entering Russia, the whole group of her daughter is preparing for expulsion:

“In one of the disciplines, in order to get admission to the exam, you need to perform a certain amount of laboratory work and protect their protocols,” the woman explained. – It is impossible to do this without personal presence. No workshop – no exam.

Najibullo, a resident of the Novosibirsk State Medical University from Tajikistan, told MK that before the start of the school year, they were offered to either take an academic leave with the transfer of paid tuition fees to the next year, or study remotely. The young man chose the second option, but last week at the university he was informed that if he does not appear at the educational institution until February, he will be sent on academic leave automatically.

Student of the Academy. Maimonida Artur Nikulin from Ukraine is studying piano solo under the Rossotrudnichestvo quota. The young man believes that his rights have been violated, since the education of foreign students according to the corresponding quota involves only full-time education.

“Playing the piano is primarily the art of touching the keys and the art of hearing and listening to the sound produced from the instrument. Naturally, such skills simply cannot be transmitted over the Internet. It is very important here to be in the same classroom with the professor, to play the instrument for him “live” and to get skills from him. Well, and the Rossotrudnichestvo quota that I received does not initially provide for any other training, except full-time, this is spelled out in the decree of the Government of the Russian Federation on training quotas for foreign citizens. That is, my rights to receive the education that I counted on when submitting documents for this quota are being violated, ”explained Artur.

Some foreign students do not have the opportunity to study remotely in their country due to problems with the Internet. Munisa, a 4th year student of the Moscow State Geological Institute from Tajikistan, told MK that she could not attend remote classes for a month. The problem is that the internet is very weak in the country, and electricity is cut off every day. Now the girl is trying to obtain an individual permit to enter the Russian Federation.

Otar, a master’s student of the Don State Technical University from Georgia, also speaks about the impossibility of attending online lectures due to the weak Internet. Like many foreign students, Otar is ready to take on all the costs associated with entering the Russian Federation under quarantine measures.

“In all letters sent to the Ministry of Education, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the administration, I note that I am ready to undergo a 14-day isolation, followed by a PCR test for coronavirus. That is, I will not occupy a place in the so-called observatory, but I will go to my apartment and isolate myself. Even if after my arrival distance learning will be continued, in Russia the Internet is of better quality and distance learning from Russia will be easier, ”he explained.

“I am a first-year student at the Krasnoyarsk State Medical University named after Professor Voino-Yasenetsky. I am in a desperate situation. Tuition per year is $ 3500. I cannot study remotely in my country, as there is no normal communication. In addition, I need to be present at laboratory classes, to practice skills. I bought a month ago irrevocably tickets worth more than $ 500, but I have no guarantees that they will let me into the Russian Federation. I have a certificate that I have had a coronavirus infection. I am ready to fulfill all the requirements of Rospotrebnadzor, undergo observation at my own expense, pass two tests and sign an agreement for treatment at my own expense, in case of infection with coronavirus, says another foreign student Arina from Uzbekistan.

Many foreign students did not expect at all that after the summer holidays they would not be able to return to Russia; here they had almost all their personal belongings, paid rented apartments.

For example, a student at the Faculty of Arts of St. Petersburg State University from Ukraine said that in St. Petersburg she had most of the things and materials for teaching, as well as a rented apartment, for which she had to pay.

– I had to give up the apartment, my friends took my things for a while, the girl says. – Distance learning at the university is doing well, but the problem is that practical classes are held in person, and I do not get to them. In addition, the faculty hosts a variety of events and exhibitions. Without practice, I become uncompetitive. In addition, I do not even have the opportunity to draw attention to my problem of entering the Russian Federation, since in Ukraine for this you can bring trouble on yourself and your family.

A student of the law faculty of UNN from Moldova in the hostel still has all the winter clothes, the girl simply does not have money to buy a new wardrobe.

“Coming home for the holidays, I didn’t plan to stay here and didn’t take warm clothes with me, so all winter clothes remained in the hostel. In my country, the temperature is already below zero, but I don’t have warm clothes, and there is no opportunity to buy a new wardrobe. Another big problem is that I do not have all the educational materials with me, and I cannot find them on the Internet, because many Russian sites are closed with us. As a result, it turns out that I simply do not have the opportunity to study, “the student explained.

The Ministry of Education and Science “MK” was informed that no applications from students in connection with expulsion due to absence from the classroom were received by the department.

“Budget-funded places in universities will be reserved for students who, due to quarantine measures, cannot enter Russia and are experiencing difficulties due to insufficiently good communication quality. The Ministry of Education and Science of Russia is in constant contact with the leadership of universities and interested federal bodies, as well as student associations. There were no deductions for foreign students in connection with the transition to distance learning. In addition, we inform you that the Ministry of Education and Science of Russia has developed recommendations for universities for the effective organization of distance learning. To assist in organizing distance learning, the Ministry of Education and Science, together with Rossotrudnichestvo, is working on the issue of providing foreign students with jobs in Rossotrudnichestvo offices and branches of Russian universities at their place of residence, ”the press service said.

Domestic Violence Law: Protection from Tyrant or Attack on the Family

The Federation Council plans to complete work on the so-called “draft law on domestic violence” by December 1. We are talking about the legislative consolidation of the prevention of domestic, including psychological, domestic violence, which they have been trying to implement in vain for 10 years. The main goal of the document is to provide victims of violence with the right to protection from the aggressor, as well as to reduce the number of such crimes.

Bills have been submitted to the State Duma 40 times already, but none of them even reached the first reading.

However, a number of experts believe that such a law, if adopted, will lead to the destruction of the institution of the family and make almost half of the citizens of Russia criminals.

The first deputy chairman of the Federation Council committee on social policy Inna Svyatenko said that by December 1 it is planned to complete the preparation of a bill on the prevention of domestic violence. And Tatyana Kasaeva, a member of the State Duma Committee on Education and Science, explained that this law is necessary, since now the state can interfere in the private life of citizens only after a crime has been committed, while there are practically no preventive measures.

“You can tighten the legislation as much as you like, come up with different measures, weaken the law somewhere. But if we do not carry out systematic work to ensure that these facts do not exist at all, everything is useless. It is wrong when the prosecutor’s office deals with one thing, the Ministry of Internal Affairs deals with another, and social activists do something else. Because the Ministry of Internal Affairs may have information that there are facts of violence in the family that have not yet passed into either the criminal or the administrative plane. And other bodies, for example, guardianship authorities, may not know these facts. Comprehensive measures are needed, – the deputy explained.

In addition, Kasayeva stressed that domestic violence is committed not only against women, but also children, disabled people, the elderly, and in some cases even healthy men suffer from it. These aspects will be taken into account in the final version of the document. In addition, if the bill is passed, victims of violence will be entitled to rehabilitation and a protective order, according to which the aggressors will be prohibited from approaching their victims.

However, opponents of the bill believe that its essence is not in helping victims of violence, but in an attempt to destroy the institution of the family and to obtain the right to take children away from their parents without trial or investigation. In particular, expert of the All-Russian Research Institute of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia, criminologist Elena Timoshina emphasizes that this document introduces the concept of “psychological violence”, which is very subjective and will be interpreted by judges, which is called the taste and color. All this can lead to unjustified prosecution of citizens or the seizure of their children. “People will be afraid to enter into serious relationships, into family relationships. Why should I do this, if for every sidelong glance, ill-conceived word I can be held accountable? ” – Timoshina explained.

It is interesting that similar bills have been submitted to the State Duma 40 times over the past 10 years, but none of them even reached the first reading.

The authors of the draft law on domestic violence staged a “fight”

The authors of the long-suffering domestic violence prevention bill have gathered again to defend their position. Serious passions have been boiling around him lately. The situation with the document is ambiguous: firstly, it is not clear in what form it will be sent to the State Duma. And after Vladimir Putin at his press conference expressed doubts about the advisability of adopting such a law, his supporters generally fell into a stupor.

“Is this law necessary? Let’s calmly discuss it in the public, ”the President of the country urged. This is exactly what the Federation Council is doing now: it is studying all the proposals received on the site after the publication of the text of the document, and is trying to bungle the sane document. After all, the one that can now be seen on the website of the Federation Council, according to most experts, is legally illiterate. For example, the draft law provides for a protective order, according to which the tyrant partner will be prohibited from contacting the victim, and may also be ordered to leave the shared housing. But there is no sample of such an order, although any legislation is based on annexes, regulations.

According to this text, a number of new types of violence are introduced, including psychological and economic ones, which caused the greatest amount of controversy. Thus, a disgruntled wife or child will be able to accuse the father of the family of economic violence if the latter refuses to buy the desired thing for family members, and so on. But these concepts remained in the published version of the draft law.

Doubts are also caused by the fact that the bill involves an extrajudicial invasion of the privacy of citizens.

Without a doubt, the document also contains a lot of useful information. For example, it is important that when registering a case of violence, not only the appeal of the victim himself will be taken into account, but also the statements of eyewitnesses: neighbors, health workers, if the latter suspect that their patient has been subjected to such violence. Although there can be excesses in this area: any ill-wisher who dreams of ruining the life of a particular family can call the police.

The authors of the bill tried to outline all these advantages yesterday.

First Deputy Chairperson of the Federation Council Committee on Social Policy Inna Svyatenko informed that the bill does not carry any threat of interference with the family, as opponents say – on the contrary, it is aimed at preserving the integrity of the social unit:

– If there is a conflict situation in the family, she will be provided with psychological or legal assistance. And if passions are already heated, then crisis centers will come to the rescue. And now we are dealing with facts of already committed violence, which could have been prevented.

Lawyer, co-author of the bill Alexey Parshin confirmed that the current Criminal Code does not work as prevention:

– Now, if the case is not initiated, there is no defense at all. And the bill provides protection in the form of protective orders.

The lawyer added that the bill does not provide for any forced removal of children from families, but the police will have additional tools that can be used when summoning a rowdy in the event that there is no violence yet, but there are facts of hooliganism, abuse, etc.

How will slander and perjury be prevented? The lawyer explained that the police would not write out a protective order from scratch, but after talking with witnesses, examining the traces of beatings, etc. The issued protection order can be appealed.

State Duma deputy, co-author of the bill Oksana Pushkina considers those who oppose the law to be extremists. Speaking about the essence of the document, Pushkina once again focused on the system of protection of victims of violence: these are two types of protection orders – extrajudicial, which is issued by a police officer, and judicial.

– In the existing laws there is an investigation of the fact of violence and punishment, but there is no prevention and protection, – says Pushkina, – and the prevention of domestic violence without protection cannot be.

Human rights activist, co-author of the bill Alena Popova insists on their “ideal version” of the bill, which is strikingly different from what is posted on the website of the Federation Council. Popova believes that the bill should include all types of domestic violence – along with physical violence, psychological, economic and sexual. “And God forbid, the word“ reconciliation ”will remain in the bill! – said the human rights activist.

It seems that there is still a long way to go to a consensus between the authors and opponents of the bill.