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People’s Actresses “Russian Silhouette”

As you know, due to the coronavirus pandemic, secular and cultural life has come to a standstill. Against the background of such a forced, but still oppressive decline, the most striking and unique cultural event of the year for the high life of the capital was the release of the annual art calendar “Russian Silhouette”.

The Mitroshenkov and Mikhalkova Charitable Foundation presented a corporate calendar for 2021

Refined, luxurious, stylish, accessible only to a limited number of the foundation’s friends, for more than twenty years the photo calendar has become an encyclopedia of fashionable art. The brightest actresses, well-known media personalities, eminent designers and the best photographers every year demonstrate an appropriate view of fashion, beauty and creativity.

The idea of ​​the next issue was embodied in inimitable models: Alsou, Nastasya Samburskaya, Nadezhda Mikhalkova, Elena Sever, Katerina Shpitsa, Miroslava Karpovich, Victoria Poltorak, Glafira Glazunova, Victoria Maslova, Anna Churina, Elizaveta Kononova, Inna Malikova, Ksenia Guseva. Behind the camera – the legend of fashion photography Alexander Multikov.

Alexander Mitroshenkov, founder of the Russian Silhouette charitable foundation:

– Who is the conductor of fashion trends today? Who are the main trendsetters? These are bright personalities that we see on the screen: actresses, singers, TV presenters. They are inspiration for designers and photographers. They are also a model of style for millions of viewers. No wonder there was a joke that if an actress is filmed in the calendar “Russian silhouette” – she is truly national.

Each of the calendar images tells a specific story. History of Moscow. Heroines – against the backdrop of urban landscapes, architectural masterpieces, ultra-modern buildings. The pages of the photo album are a manifesto to the beauty of the capital, which often eludes us in the daily rush.

The main goal of the project, like that of the entire charitable foundation, remains the support and promotion of young Russian designers, the desire to help them show talent and become worthy to represent Russia in the arena of world fashion.

Tatyana Mikhalkova, President of the Russian Silhouette Charitable Foundation:

– The publication “Russian Silhouette” is a bestseller in the world of the fashion industry, it is a real encyclopedia of designers, many of whom are old friends of the foundation: Valentin Yudashkin, Tatyana Parfenova, Alsu Abramova and Yana Yadgarova (Basique 7.13), Yulia Yanina (Yanina), Victoria Andreyanova, Liza Romanyuk (Vemina), Igor Gulyaev, Yana Raskovalova, Maria Didarova. There are those who themselves began their ascent into the world of fashion from our competition of young designers: Anastasia Zadorina, Oleg Ovsiev, Andrey Ponomarev. Now they, together with us, provide support to young talented artists, invite the finalists of the competition for internships, help grow a creative class that begins to dictate the rules of fashion not only in Russia, but also in Europe. And in the calendar, along with eminent couturiers, we traditionally represent a young designer: he selects an outfit for the heroine from his own collection in accordance with the concept of the project. This time it was Georgy Black. Just imagine, the Russian Silhouette competition receives over 3000 applications from all over the country, from which we select the best. I am sure that over the years we have achieved the main thing: it has become popular in Russia to wear Russian collections.

The TV presenter traditionally becomes the youngest participant in the Russian Silhouette calendar Ksenia Guseva, who began filming for the project as a very young girl.

“This time I joined the filming later than the others,” she says. – Everyone, as far as I know, was filmed back in September, and I was filmed just a month ago. But since it was “live” shooting, that is, they took place outside, it was already very cold. Of course, I was afraid of getting sick, but, thank God, this did not happen, because they kept me warm: they threw a sheepskin coat over my shoulders and protected me from the snow with an umbrella. But speaking from the point of view of shooting, it turned out great, with the weather for work was lucky: there was a blizzard, a real snowy day, and I was in such a beautiful dress, with a huge, fluffy skirt, and all together it looked just amazingly beautiful! Although getting to the point of shooting in this dress, even just going outside, was not easy. But the New Year’s mood appeared immediately: snow, frost, beautiful dress, everything is like in a fairy tale! Before that, there was never a filming on the streets, they always took place in the studio. But this time we worked very quickly, literally in a quarter of an hour, because the weather, the landscape and me – all this immediately blended into the composition of the shooting.

– Ksenia, you started acting as a very young girl, has this work somehow influenced your life, your choice of profession?

– To be honest, the main thing that I understood during this work: I am definitely not a model. It’s all incredibly interesting: going to the podium, shooting for the calendar, but my main activity was still the work of the host. Today I am on channel TV3, on Meteo-TV, I conduct a weather forecast, and I really like it. I realized that I can use my talent, voice, appearance – all together with greater benefit for myself and with great interest. I started going to the podium at the age of 16 (although I looked then at 14), and it brought me great benefit – it helped me to loosen up, to open up, pulled out femininity from me. But my appearance and worldview change with age, and today I perceive myself and the world around me more maturely, so it is ideal for me now to work as a leader.

A book of fairy tales has been released about Russian children-heroes

Lyonya Golikov, Volodya Dubinin, Marat Kazei, Zina Portnova – among those who grew up in the USSR, the names of pioneer heroes still bounce off their teeth … And how do our children relate to feat today? Should parents educate a child so that at the decisive moment he rushes to the aid of another, sometimes risking his own life? Should we call him to sacrifice in the name of his homeland?

New life of Leni Golikov and Marat Kazei

Meanwhile, while adults are discussing patriotic education, which the state now focuses on, children perform feats, saving their loved ones, kids, pets …

In the spring of 2018, the Chelyabinsk region was exhausted from forest fires. The flame was approaching the village of Tavrankul. Alyosha Myshkovets, 14, got behind the wheel of a tractor and plowed the land around his native village, preventing the fire from passing further.

From the age of five, the boy himself drove a big car. Except for himself, he had no one to hope for. My father left on business, the rescuers of the Ministry of Emergency Situations extinguished the neighboring villages … “It was about five minutes to think. Then he started, picked up the plow and drove off, ”Aleksey said that he was not scared for himself, he was only afraid that their house and grandmother’s would burn down. A neighbor joined him, then another villager, and then Dad arrived in time … The whole world stopped the fire. Savvy Lesha was awarded the Hurry to Do Good – 2019 medal. Although they could have scolded – after all, he did not have a driver’s license.

… This story is similar to a fairy tale or an epic. She eventually turned into a fairy tale. Thirty young Russians who have committed heroic deeds have become heroes of a book of fairy tales this year, in which their exploits are written in the most simple and understandable way, as a positive example to other children.

The book of fairy tales tells about thirty boys and girls who performed a feat. Photo: From personal archive

The tale is not a lie

The idea to write a book of fairy tales about real schoolchildren began with the Exploits of Ordinary People project, which was invented in Saransk six and a half years ago. A group of young bloggers decided to create an alternative to the stream of terrible news in the media, they developed a website dedicated to the exploits of our contemporaries. It’s hard to believe, but every day in Russia someone commits a heroic deed.

It’s just that most of these events pass by from around the world.

As the creators of the project themselves say, for six and a half years of work, they have collected more than 8 thousand stories of the exploits of Russians and the public in their archives. Saransk enthusiasts, on a voluntary basis, began to post three posts on the Internet about heroes, both large and small, on a daily basis.

I take any day for the current month. For example, November 12, 2019. The fate of the entrepreneur Mikhail Dankov, who, together with orphans, is restoring the cedar villages. The tragic story about the head of the Kholm-Zhirkovsky district of the Smolensk region, Oleg Makarov, who died saving neighbors in a fire, and also the story of 14-year-old Dima Apresov, who pulled out a girl who fell through the ice. In general, the percentage of feats accomplished by children is not much less than the feats of adults. Girls are on a par with boys here.

Therefore, the second project, as a logical continuation of the first, was devoted exclusively to children-heroes.

– Our stories about adult exploits, as it turned out, were read by mothers to children before going to bed. We thought maybe kids aren’t interested in boring facts. So the idea was born to write a book of fairy tales about children-heroes, – explains Natalia Shirokova, editor-in-chief.

“Our mission is to awaken the children’s indifference to the misfortune of others, to show that anyone can become a hero, for this you don’t need to have any superpowers,” Denis Shapkarin, the author of the idea, is convinced.

The idea of ​​how to make our world kinder came to Denis shortly after the birth of his daughter; he suddenly thought about the environment in which his child will live, indifferent or sympathetic, whom to look up to, what kind of person to grow up, and decided that it is not necessary to read notations to children – it is too boring, but tales about their peers are suitable for educational purposes as no better. Moreover, unlike ordinary fairy tales, there is not a word of untruth here.

Lived once…

“In one small town there were three girls-friends. Like all children who know what a real snowy winter is, they loved to slide down the hill. Especially with the one on the river bank. It was the longest and very slippery “- this is how the story” Captive by the river “begins quite traditionally.

“One small town” is Ivanteevka near Moscow. The river is here Ucha. Not fenced in anything, every winter it attracts the attention of children and adolescents who ride down the ice slide – who will fly farther.

The heroes of this tale are real schoolgirls Dasha Shabashova and Alina Bukur. Alina ran after her ice floe on the weak ice and … fell into the wormwood. While the third girlfriend rushed for help, Dasha resolutely lay down on the ice and crawled forward.

“A textbook on life safety opened in my head. She was never distracted in this lesson. Yeah, you have to get on all fours … Closer! Closer! There is a contact! Now Alina has a fulcrum. One meter, another meter from the shore. We got to our feet. Alina was wet to the skin, her lips were blue, like a river under ice ”- and this is already a quote from a book of fairy tales.

“A quiet and calm girl, they did not expect this from her, – dad Andrey is surprised at the heroic act of his daughter. – Frankly, she came to her senses for a long time after the feat, there was also the end of the quarter. The realization of how it all could end for them and Alina did not come immediately. “

Authors of fairy tales in no way advise children, if an emergency occurs, immediately run and save. “The moral of most fairy tales is how not to get into an extreme situation,” continues Natalya Shirokova. “Our main task is to convince the child that if trouble has come, we need to contact the Ministry of Emergency Situations and other rescue services as soon as possible, but if for some reason this is impossible or there is no time, then we will have to act ourselves.”

The story of Dasha and Alina teaches other children that being on the river, even if frozen, is still unsafe. And if the ice breaks, then you should act quickly and calmly. You can build a “train” of people crawling one after another, they will hold each other by the legs, and the very first and strongest “locomotive” will pull a drowning man out of the water.

What has this fairy tale taught adults? It looks like nothing. As residents of Ivanteevka say themselves, children are still playing by the water. Last December, when TV crews came to shoot a story about Dasha’s feat, the local authorities vowed that this would not happen again. But, apparently, prohibitive signs did not appear in a year …

The last Hero

“We tried to diversify the fairy tales as much as possible so that no one would repeat the other,” the authors say.

A tale told by an old burnt-out house about how a boy took a 90-year-old mistress out of it. A fairy tale on behalf of a white-sided magpie about a 9-year-old fourth-grader Kirill Kemaykin from Mordovia who saved a 4-year-old sister. Their hut this August broke out because of the old wiring, the girl huddled in the closet out of fear.

Kirill Kemaykin from Mordovia saved his younger sister.Photo: From personal archive

The children were left alone at home. So in the villages it is usually customary – parents need to earn a living. Suddenly the TV went out and black dust hung in the air. It was smoke … Cyril was not taken aback, broke the window with his fist and did not leave until the last, until he found little Lisa.

“He is a real hero, our Kiryusha!” – said the magpie boastfully. The animals looked at each other and cheered approvingly. No one doubted that their friend was the kindest boy in the world ”- this is again an excerpt from a fairy tale.

“I am proud that he is my son,” said Kirill’s mother Elena in real life. Alas, the family of the young hero at the moment is four of them huddled with their grandmother, in one room; the money allocated by the state was enough only for the foundation of a new house, they are waiting in line for the subsidy, but when it will be paid again … “Thank God, everyone remained intact, this is the main thing,” Mom exclaims through tears. When I ask Elena about the secrets of upbringing, how she managed to raise the boy so brave, the woman wonders: “They didn’t seem to do anything on purpose, but Kirill is really very kind and attentive. I’m not afraid to let Liza go with him. They walk together, both on the playground and in the store – in general, they are a real elder brother. “

Children themselves, by the way, unlike adults, usually do not like to talk about what they have done. It is in our Russian mentality to praise ourselves as little as possible, to deny the significance of our actions. This is how our parents raised us, this is how we raise our children. There were even guys who didn’t want to be written about. “Of course, before publicly telling everyone about the heroic deed of the child, we take personal consent from his parents,” the authors add.

At the end of each magical story there is a real photograph and a short description of the feat. All children were awarded orders and medals for their deed, it is not difficult to track their further life path on the Internet.

The youngest character, Kirill Kemaykin, is 9 years old. The eldest, Rashid Tumgoev from the Ingush village of Surkhokhi, who carried eight children out of a mudflow that descended from the mountains, is 17.

The only point that the authors of the book of fairy tales insist on is that its end should be happy. For example, this summer, 11-year-old Aleksey Martynenko, who was dragging children out of the Kholdomi camp in the Khabarovsk Territory, was burned to death from burns. He was posthumously awarded the Order of Courage. “We adore such actions, and yet our fundamental condition is that in a fairy tale the main character will definitely stay alive.”

Russian teachers were crushed with a lethal tool

The term “resentment” has been known in science for a long time, since the time of Nietzsche. It means a feeling of hostility to what the subject considers the reason for his failures (“the enemy”), impotent envy, a painful awareness of the futility of attempts to raise his status in life or in society. In short, it is a deficiency syndrome.

Excessive control kills the quality of education

Nietzsche considered ressentiment a feeling characteristic of the morality of slaves, who, by virtue of their position, cannot change anything in the world. When the world defies influence, slaves destroy it in their imaginations, radically deny its existence.

Obviously, we are a society of victorious ressentiment. The Internet era, with its worldwide openness, made it impossible to barely ignore the realities, but, in my opinion, gave birth to a hellish cocktail, which I would call digital resentment.

In this explosive mixture, both slaves of impotent envy of other people’s successes and slaves of numbers have found their niche. How, how do these, at first glance, such diverse phenomena merge in a single burst of “creative” energy?

This phenomenon requires detailed consideration. Moreover, he realizes himself, first of all, in the educational field. First of all, in accordance with his nature, he tries to burn out all living things, and in this he invariably succeeds. Examples are endless, but we will fix the fresh one.

The unique Institute of World Culture, founded by one of the last great humanitarians of the 20th century, Koma Ivanov (Vyacheslav Vsevolodovich Ivanov), is living its last days. Only three years have passed since the day of his death, and the institute is living out its last days! Why is this so?

Coma Ivanov is a young friend of B. Pasternak who left wonderful memories of him, a polyglot, an expert in more than 36 languages. In 1958 he was dismissed from Moscow State University for disagreeing with the official assessment of Boris Pasternak’s novel Doctor Zhivago and supporting the views of Roman Yakobson. According to one version, he was fired for “not giving hands to the literary critic Cornelius Zelinsky, who was especially actively involved in the persecution of Pasternak.” The dismissal decision was officially overturned as a mistake in 1988.

In 1959-1961 he was the head of the machine translation group at the Institute of Precise Mechanics and Computer Science, and the chairman of the linguistic section of the Scientific Council for Cybernetics of the USSR Academy of Sciences. Vyacheslav Vsevolodovich, like no one else, understood digitalization, for he participated in the creation of a computer that calculated the flights of Soviet spaceships. In fact, he is one of the founders of Russian informatization. An outstanding encyclopedist, a match for the titans of the Renaissance, he was the author of more than a thousand scientific papers recognized throughout the world.

At the same time, Vyacheslav Vsevolodovich was a man of great social temperament. During the years of perestroika, he became a deputy of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, director of the Library of Foreign Literature.

I met him in the eighties of the last century, when he, together with his father Alexander Menem, headed the society “Cultural Revival”, where I was assigned to be responsible for the work of the pedagogical section. The tact and modesty of this man did not cause surprise, since such are all bearers of true culture.

What has become objectionable to the brainchild of a truly outstanding scientist? Neither then, in the eighties, nor in modern times, did he hide his political views. Problems arose when a new political situation developed in the country, which Ivanov did not accept and more than once openly criticized the current government. Interest in him and his brainchild quickly cooled, although the Institute continued to work, publishing outstanding monographs, collections of articles and the periodical Anthropology of Culture under its own stamp. Now his brainchild is threatened with death.

But back to digital resentment. Strictly speaking, any fanaticism, whether it concerns traditional braces or figures, gives off slavery. The object of blind adoration is not essential. But digitalization is a powerful weapon that it was a sin not to use. The expression has already become a meme: whatever you make – you get a Kalashnikov assault rifle. This time, too, they are trying to use the figure as a tool of total control in the field of education.

They are trying to extend control to the holy of holies, to the content of education. The cover for the special operation is the “noble” concern for the preservation of a single educational space. To keep it in all cities and towns of the fatherland, a universal killer tool was invented – “Thematic frame”, where it is necessary to list the topics of study by subject, the sources used, and the number of hours allotted for their assimilation.

In the nude, cleared of ringing rhetoric, this educational skeleton should most likely look like this:

Two hours for a crime;

Two hours for punishment (I mean not a section of jurisprudence, but a novel by FM Dostoevsky);

Two hours on the earthworm.

A step to the right, a step to the left, as well as a jump up or to the side are considered as an escape from the domestic field of public education.

Teacher, as soon as you fell on it, be so kind as to sprout on it not wildly, but a culture neatly cut off and grafted by the state gardener. With the same success, you can set aside half an hour to study each sister from Chekhov’s play. And that’s the end of it.

Does it look unreal and even caricatured? “Who are you laughing at? You are laughing at yourself, ”the mayor of Gogol’s“ Inspector General ”proclaims. Later the same phrase was repeated by V.I.Lenin, ironically about the policy of trusting socialist revolutionaries to the capitalists and their government during the First World War. The leader of the world proletariat, I remember, promised the speedy construction of paradise on Earth. However, the Social Revolutionaries quickly felt the total control of the new government, which could not be compared with the royal oppression they hated.

But then the coveted gadgets were not in the hands of the Bolsheviks. Not like now! It is worth implanting this very “skeleton-skeleton” into an electronic journal, as the teacher will be forced to play according to the prescribed rules, since the electronic system will not accept any other variations. She will instantly signal the regulatory authorities about the slightest failures. Exaggeration of the control function is a fundamental mistake of those who are fighting to improve the quality of education. In fact, everything happens exactly the opposite. Excessive control kills quality.

Digital resentment is more powerful than Goethe’s Faust. The ending of the phrase, as you know, belongs to JV Stalin and refers to the assessment of M. Gorky’s story “Girl and Death”. The Generalissimo clearly understood a lot about the standardization and nationalization of education. Many people are still nostalgic for those transparent, like a teardrop of a Komsomol member, times when all teachers, without exception, knew what and how to teach. Flag in their hands.

But for some reason, it seems to me that digital ressentiment brings certain death to an innocent girl named culture.

The jury of the All-Russian Olympiad for schoolchildren was accused of provocation

On November 21, St. Petersburg hosted the municipal stage of the All-Russian Olympiad for schoolchildren in mathematics. Due to coronavirus restrictions, students completed assignments from home or in the classroom without supervision from teachers. Naturally, in such conditions, some tried to find the correct answers on the Web – moreover, problem solutions appeared on one of the popular resources within half an hour. However, as it turned out later, these decisions turned out to be wrong. Moreover, the organizers of the event themselves uploaded them to the site in order to catch careless participants in the act.

During the exam, the organizers published incorrect decisions on the web

Konstantin Knopp, a teacher and popularizer of mathematics from St. Petersburg, spoke about an unusual attempt to combat the cheating of the St. Petersburg jury on social networks.

“As you might guess, within 10 minutes after the start of the Olympiad, some problem conditions appeared on znanija.com. With a prayer “help to solve” and, of course, without specifying the source of the problems. In about 20-30 minutes, quite reasonable solutions appeared on the same resource for all the “floating” tasks. And it would be very sad if it were not for two common properties of these solutions: they were all written by the jury members (problem authors and variant authors) and they were all wrong, ”said Knopp.

According to the teacher, the goal of the jury was to assess the scale of the problem and to de-anonymize the participants who wrote off the solution from the Internet. At the same time, according to Knopp, such a measure is not new and has already been used in the fight against cheating on the exam.

– Cheaters (people trying to win by dishonest means. – “MK”) are the scourge of all intellectual competitions, – said the teacher. – A couple of years ago, on the night before the holding, whole variants of regional Olympiads in physics, the Russian language floated away … Before some of the USE, our Ministry of Education itself posted on the Web in considerable quantities various fake options, so that, even if something from correct options, it would be extremely difficult to find him in the sea of ​​fakes.

In the meantime, the actions of the jury members provoked a strong public reaction. Some even accused the jury of provocation and disrespect for the participants of the Olympiad, because the shameless behavior of children is not a reason for the same dishonest response from adults. However, many parents, on the contrary, took the side of the organizers of the municipal stage and supported their desire to punish the dishonest participants.

Indeed, the motive for the actions of the jury members is quite understandable. From year to year and without a pandemic, scandals occur around the same municipal stage due to cheating. Yes, victory at the municipal stage does not provide any advantages, except for reaching the regional stage. But where is the guarantee that someone will not be able to win it with the help of deception? In addition, job leaks have already happened more than once. All this often leads to the fact that really talented children lose the incentive and desire to participate in the Olympiad. It is like doping in sport, with the advantage gained in dishonest means.

Ivan Yashchenko, the coordinator of the Higher School of Education in Moscow, scientific director of the Center for Pedagogical Excellence, told us about how urgent the problem of cheating assignments at the All-Russian Olympiad for schoolchildren during a pandemic and whether it is possible to cope with it: pandemics. Including the municipal stage in a number of subjects already last year was held on computers, so the capital as a whole was ready for this stage of the Olympiad in a distance format. In our work with schoolchildren, teachers and parents, we place the main emphasis on explaining the absolute senselessness of cheating at the second stage. By itself, a victory in a municipality does not give anything, and it is practically impossible to become the winner of the regional and, moreover, the final stage by dishonest means under current conditions.

This year, due to the distance format of the Olympiad, the number of participants in the municipal stage has increased significantly. For example, 46 thousand schoolchildren wrote Russian in the capital, although usually the number of participants does not exceed 20 thousand. Nevertheless, we manage to minimize the incidence of dishonest execution of tasks. The municipal tour in the capital takes place online, teachers are watching all the participants. In addition, we have special programs that help to calculate non-independent jobs. St. Petersburg is now only at the beginning of the transition to electronic technologies in conducting VOS. In this regard, it seems to me that the method of combating cheating, chosen by the jury in mathematics, is quite acceptable. In our work, we also sometimes needed to use similar techniques. “