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Foreign students of domestic universities demanded to let them into Russia

On Sunday, it became known that foreign students turned to the International Committee for the Defense of Human Rights with a request to allow them to return to Russia for further education. About 2 thousand students complained about the low quality of distance learning, as well as problems with the Internet in their countries. Some students said that they were forcibly sent on academic leave, while others are in danger of being expelled because of not passed workshops. The students themselves told us about what is actually happening with the education of foreign students in Russian universities.

Ivan Melnikov, vice-president of the Russian branch of the International Committee for the Protection of Human Rights, sent an appeal to Deputy Prime Minister Tatyana Golikova, in which he asked to help foreign students of Russian universities return to Russia. We found out what problems foreign students faced.

The mother of a student of the Faculty of Chemistry of St. Petersburg State University from Lithuania said that due to the impossibility of entering Russia, the whole group of her daughter is preparing for expulsion:

“In one of the disciplines, in order to get admission to the exam, you need to perform a certain amount of laboratory work and protect their protocols,” the woman explained. – It is impossible to do this without personal presence. No workshop – no exam.

Najibullo, a resident of the Novosibirsk State Medical University from Tajikistan, told MK that before the start of the school year, they were offered to either take an academic leave with the transfer of paid tuition fees to the next year, or study remotely. The young man chose the second option, but last week at the university he was informed that if he does not appear at the educational institution until February, he will be sent on academic leave automatically.

Student of the Academy. Maimonida Artur Nikulin from Ukraine is studying piano solo under the Rossotrudnichestvo quota. The young man believes that his rights have been violated, since the education of foreign students according to the corresponding quota involves only full-time education.

“Playing the piano is primarily the art of touching the keys and the art of hearing and listening to the sound produced from the instrument. Naturally, such skills simply cannot be transmitted over the Internet. It is very important here to be in the same classroom with the professor, to play the instrument for him “live” and to get skills from him. Well, and the Rossotrudnichestvo quota that I received does not initially provide for any other training, except full-time, this is spelled out in the decree of the Government of the Russian Federation on training quotas for foreign citizens. That is, my rights to receive the education that I counted on when submitting documents for this quota are being violated, ”explained Artur.

Some foreign students do not have the opportunity to study remotely in their country due to problems with the Internet. Munisa, a 4th year student of the Moscow State Geological Institute from Tajikistan, told MK that she could not attend remote classes for a month. The problem is that the internet is very weak in the country, and electricity is cut off every day. Now the girl is trying to obtain an individual permit to enter the Russian Federation.

Otar, a master’s student of the Don State Technical University from Georgia, also speaks about the impossibility of attending online lectures due to the weak Internet. Like many foreign students, Otar is ready to take on all the costs associated with entering the Russian Federation under quarantine measures.

“In all letters sent to the Ministry of Education, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the administration, I note that I am ready to undergo a 14-day isolation, followed by a PCR test for coronavirus. That is, I will not occupy a place in the so-called observatory, but I will go to my apartment and isolate myself. Even if after my arrival distance learning will be continued, in Russia the Internet is of better quality and distance learning from Russia will be easier, ”he explained.

“I am a first-year student at the Krasnoyarsk State Medical University named after Professor Voino-Yasenetsky. I am in a desperate situation. Tuition per year is $ 3500. I cannot study remotely in my country, as there is no normal communication. In addition, I need to be present at laboratory classes, to practice skills. I bought a month ago irrevocably tickets worth more than $ 500, but I have no guarantees that they will let me into the Russian Federation. I have a certificate that I have had a coronavirus infection. I am ready to fulfill all the requirements of Rospotrebnadzor, undergo observation at my own expense, pass two tests and sign an agreement for treatment at my own expense, in case of infection with coronavirus, says another foreign student Arina from Uzbekistan.

Many foreign students did not expect at all that after the summer holidays they would not be able to return to Russia; here they had almost all their personal belongings, paid rented apartments.

For example, a student at the Faculty of Arts of St. Petersburg State University from Ukraine said that in St. Petersburg she had most of the things and materials for teaching, as well as a rented apartment, for which she had to pay.

– I had to give up the apartment, my friends took my things for a while, the girl says. – Distance learning at the university is doing well, but the problem is that practical classes are held in person, and I do not get to them. In addition, the faculty hosts a variety of events and exhibitions. Without practice, I become uncompetitive. In addition, I do not even have the opportunity to draw attention to my problem of entering the Russian Federation, since in Ukraine for this you can bring trouble on yourself and your family.

A student of the law faculty of UNN from Moldova in the hostel still has all the winter clothes, the girl simply does not have money to buy a new wardrobe.

“Coming home for the holidays, I didn’t plan to stay here and didn’t take warm clothes with me, so all winter clothes remained in the hostel. In my country, the temperature is already below zero, but I don’t have warm clothes, and there is no opportunity to buy a new wardrobe. Another big problem is that I do not have all the educational materials with me, and I cannot find them on the Internet, because many Russian sites are closed with us. As a result, it turns out that I simply do not have the opportunity to study, “the student explained.

The Ministry of Education and Science “MK” was informed that no applications from students in connection with expulsion due to absence from the classroom were received by the department.

“Budget-funded places in universities will be reserved for students who, due to quarantine measures, cannot enter Russia and are experiencing difficulties due to insufficiently good communication quality. The Ministry of Education and Science of Russia is in constant contact with the leadership of universities and interested federal bodies, as well as student associations. There were no deductions for foreign students in connection with the transition to distance learning. In addition, we inform you that the Ministry of Education and Science of Russia has developed recommendations for universities for the effective organization of distance learning. To assist in organizing distance learning, the Ministry of Education and Science, together with Rossotrudnichestvo, is working on the issue of providing foreign students with jobs in Rossotrudnichestvo offices and branches of Russian universities at their place of residence, ”the press service said.

Sex and violence: why there are so many family dramas in Russia

Domestic violence in Russian families and the new law on it are still widely discussed. Indicatively tough measures cannot solve the problem. It is necessary to fight not only with the consequences, but also with the deep reasons. But to get to the bottom of them, serious systemic research is needed.

Football players spend millions on fees, and there is nothing to study the problems of gender relations

Scientific research sometimes radically breaks the usual stereotypes. Take sexual assault, for example. In 1969, Denmark was the first in the world to legalize pornography. In 1991, University of Copenhagen criminologist Berl Kutchinsky, who has studied the impact of pornography on society throughout his life, analyzed data for 22 years since the legalization of porn. The research results became a sensation. It turned out that the level of sexual aggression in the country has significantly decreased. The same thing happened in Sweden and West Germany, following the example of Denmark. Similar studies conducted in various countries in the Americas, Europe and Asia have confirmed the Danish scientist’s conclusions that the availability of pornography does not increase, but decreases the level of sexual violence. In Japan, after the legalization of pornography, the level of sexual violence has decreased three times!

As for domestic violence, the new Russian law treats it very narrowly and one-sidedly. The problem is actually much broader. After all, domestic violence affects not only spouses, but also children and parents. Although in different proportions, all sides suffer: not only women, but also men, not only children from strict parents, but also elderly parents from the cruelty of matured children. Many husbands are simply embarrassed to admit that their aggressive wives open their fists. Even so, according to official data from the US Department of Justice, for every 15 women beaten by their husbands, there are 8 men beaten by their wives. Women are 2.5 times more likely to use a knife as a tool of violence and 2 times more likely to injure men with a knife and heavy objects in the course of domestic quarrels.

Belarusian psychologist Roman Kryuchkov, who has been working with the topic of domestic violence for more than 10 years, believes that men more often use physical violence, while women prefer psycho-emotional violence, the consequences of which may be worse than beatings. According to the psychologist, modern realities dictate the need to create a correctional program for female aggressors. And Roman’s colleague, family psychologist Tatyana Shcherba, claims that often a woman-aggressor does not consider herself as such and justifies her behavior in every possible way.

Contemporary domestic violence reflects what has been aptly called the “war of the sexes.” In the course of this war, families are crumbling, and not only women are killed and suffered. Hated and unwanted husbands are often quietly removed. Lady Macbeth is still not translated with us. This theme is reflected in contemporary cinema. The Russian film, which told the story of how a medical wife, having changed pills, killed her husband and took possession of his money and apartment, even received an international award. The topic is quite relevant. A female medical examiner told me that a friend of hers asked for poison for a perfectly healthy but terribly annoying husband. The medic seemed to dissuade me. However, a year later, the husband still died. His wife gave him some herbs to drink. Alas, there are many similar stories.

The war of the sexes was supplemented by the war of generations. Also with the victims. Parents sometimes beat and even kill their children, and grown-up children bully and send their parents to the next world. There is a story when a Moscow schoolboy hired a hitman for his father and mother just to take possession of real estate. Many older nonhumans solve this problem quite successfully and with impunity.

Family crisis is one of the main reasons for the rise in domestic violence. In terms of its consequences, it is much more dangerous than any economic crisis. Indeed, at one time it was the crisis of the family that contributed to the collapse of the mighty Roman Empire. Nevertheless, the real threat is ignored by the authorities. Nowadays, thousands of scientists and hundreds of scientific centers are engaged in the study of economic shocks, and no one around the world is engaged in a systematic study of the crisis of the family. A family crisis is primarily a love crisis. How and why does mad love turn into mad hatred over time? And not only between spouses, but also between parents and children. How can you avoid this? What preventive measures are needed? How to keep love? Modern scientists penetrate the secrets of the microworld and distant space, study nanoparticles and black holes. But for some reason they stubbornly refuse to penetrate into the secrets of the psychology of love. Perhaps this is hindered by social stereotypes, which they are simply afraid to break.

For example, fidelity has always been considered the most important virtue of monogamous marriage. Treason is condemned in every possible way. It is she who is the main reason for divorce in modern marriage contracts. Especially famous stars of show business and cinema. The American television program, which told about the hunt for unfaithful spouses, was very popular. It was demonstrated in many countries of the world, including Russia. According to the advice of revelatory TV programs and women’s magazines, the unfaithful husband must certainly be driven in the neck. As a result of such propaganda of marital fidelity, more than half of women are ready to break up their families after learning about her husband’s betrayal. Although, according to studies, only 5 percent of men abandon their families because of their mistresses. It turns out that overly jealous wives destroy ten times more families than unfaithful husbands. Thus, the widespread propaganda of marital fidelity is actually propaganda for the destruction of the family and an incentive for domestic violence.

Many people declare a monogamous marriage, but in fact live in a polygamous one, that is, they swear allegiance, but in fact have not one, but several sexual partners. This lie tears people’s souls and leads to family tragedies.

“… In essence, in modern society, in modern social everyday life, a real monogamous marriage does not exist, it is a conditional lie and hypocrisy,” the famous Russian philosopher Nikolai Berdyaev wrote in his book On the Purpose of Man.

Since this area is not systematically and seriously studied anywhere, in modern society everything is left to chance. People themselves are looking for and sometimes find very extravagant ways to preserve the family and fight jealousy. For example, swing is becoming more widespread in the world and in Russia. It seems incredible, but the exchange of wives is beneficial enough to strengthen the family. Studies in the United States have shown that swingers almost never get divorced. The poll showed that the exchange of partners in the majority, even quite happy, families have noticeably improved relations. And among those who before the swing considered their marriage “unhappy” and were about to get divorced, 90 percent noted improvement! The studies also tested the overall “happiness level” of swingers compared to normal families. It turned out that they are twice as happy as average Americans.

In addition to the secrets of love, there are quite open reasons for family dramas. It is noteworthy that the breeding ground for domestic violence is not destroyed in our country, but only fertilized. Tell me, what do we have more on the main television channels: propaganda of love or propaganda of violence? The answer is obvious. On the most popular television channels, the series run in an endless stream, and the overwhelming majority are detectives with many corpses. There you can always find a hint on how to quietly remove a hateful spouse and take possession of his condition. Love in detective series is often present, but, as a rule, it only goes in the background in the form of an office romance. In addition to popular TV series, there are also popular television talk shows that very successfully entice viewers by digging in someone else’s dirty laundry. The whole country every evening enthusiastically watches family scandals and showdowns. It is unlikely that this stream of negativity makes people better and kinder. Quite the opposite. In fact, such shows also stimulate violence, not love. By the way, explicit love scenes are prohibited by law. This is considered pornography. At the same time, explicit scenes of violence and murder are not prohibited by law in our country. And they are unlikely to be banned. Because bloody TV shows and dirty talk shows provide high ratings and thus expensive advertising. A lot of money is made on it. And this, as we know, is sacred.

What then is to be done? What is possible. For example, start a systematic study of the family crisis. Create a research center and consolidate specialists dealing with this topic. Russia could become a pioneer in this important area. Indeed, in Europe now all attention is paid to gender equality, and not to the crisis of the family. In 2009, the European Institute for Gender Equality was established in Vilnius, the capital of Lithuania, with an annual budget of seven million euros (!!!). It is curious that in the same 2009 in the neighboring Russian Kaliningrad, enthusiasts established the Institute of Sexual Culture and Family – ISKiS. Their proposals to create a systematic museum of the history of love, family and sexual culture, to create a corresponding department at the university and to publish a textbook did not find any support. In the end, the institute died quietly due to financial starvation. True, he still managed to publish a couple of useful books.

The greatest paradox of the wonderful Russian state is that we have millions for fantastic fees for football players and billions for corrupt officials, but for some reason there is no money in the country for research that is vital for every family and society as a whole. Therefore, we only have to rely on a new judicial club …

In Russia, “in case of emergency” allowed to steal patents for medicines

The draft law on compulsory licensing of drugs, which we have tried to push through for several years, has finally “entered” a pandemic. The State Duma of the Russian Federation adopted it at the plenary session in the first reading unanimously. And very soon Russia will join the small list of countries where they wanted to spit on copyright, and therefore it is dangerous to deal with them.

Deputies legalized piracy

The document permits, in some cases, the production of domestic analogues of foreign drugs with an unexpired patent protection period. Experience has shown that large drug manufacturers prefer to bypass markets with this practice.

For more than a year, a serious drug catastrophe has been going on in our country – a huge number of drugs have irrevocably gone from our market. Including those who have no replacement. There are several reasons for this – the overly complicated registration procedure for Western drugs; the requirement to supply us with drugs at prices lower than the cost, because they are on the list of vital and necessary, to which the manufacturers do not agree. The pandemic only exacerbated this systemic crisis – many drugs also disappeared due to rush demand, but the introduction of a new labeling system, which simply paralyzed the market, made a much larger contribution to recent events.

The problems have not been resolved, and instead of revising the terms of supply and registration, we are hammering another nail into the coffin of the drug market. The bill, which was so opposed by market participants, which will worsen the situation for both manufacturers and patients, was passed without the slightest objection from the deputies. According to the amendments to Art. 1360 of the Civil Code of the Russian Federation, in case of “urgent need related to the provision of defense and security, including the protection of the life and health of citizens”, the government of the Russian Federation has the right to decide on the use of an invention, utility model or industrial design without the consent of the patent holder. In such a strange and not quite civilized way, it is supposed to quickly make up for the absence or shortage of foreign patented drugs in the country. As the deputy told. Head of the Federal Antimonopoly Service Sergey Puzyrevsky, this document will allow “to quickly fill the lack of drugs” and “increase the level of economic security.” According to him, there are many countries practicing a compulsory licensing mechanism, for example, Indonesia. Deputy Zarif Baiguskarov from United Russia explained that the new mechanism will be allowed to be used in “emergency cases” when there is a threat to health, and compensation will be paid to the owner of the drug patent. And although one of the deputies suggested that the new law would allow, using the wording of “extreme necessity”, to actively introduce the instrument of illegal seizure of intellectual property, the document was approved unanimously. Because Mr. Puzyrevsky clarified that “the copyright holder always retains the right of judicial protection.”

Meanwhile, the civilized world has abandoned this rather barbaric practice. It is found in third countries, but whether it is worth taking an example from them is a big question. After all, we are talking about the formation of the country’s reputation in the market: if the state at any time can not give a damn about copyright, in fact, steal the formula of a drug that is under patent protection and start producing copies of it, this does not characterize it on the positive side. Experience shows that in countries where a compulsory licensing mechanism is allowed, pharmaceutical giants prefer not to supply innovative drugs – out of harm’s way. In addition, compulsory licensing entails a sharp deterioration in the investment climate. For example, in India, after its introduction, the level of investment in pharmaceuticals fell immediately threefold.

Innovation comes to countries and develops where there is strong intellectual property rights protection. In terms of the level of intellectual property protection, Russia ranks 29th out of 50 countries in the world, behind such countries as Morocco, Costa Rica, Malaysia, Turkey, and others. “This speaks of the strict dependence of our country on foreign developments. And so that they can be implemented here, it is important to ensure the protection of intellectual rights. Where this is fixed at the state level, life expectancy is, on average, at least 10 years higher than in Russia: any innovation in the field of healthcare leads to an increase in survival, an increase in average life expectancy, ”says pharmaceutical market expert Irina Svyato. However, it is not customary for us to think so far ahead.

“On New Year’s Eve, we were shown wonderful Russia on TV”

What a wonderful country we were shown for the New Year! So peaceful, tolerant. There, everyone is happy to switch to even Ukrainian, even to Georgian, sing songs that Poroshenko, Zelensky and Saakashvili listened to in their childhood with gold, sweetly falling asleep. Moreover, we now have our own Odessa, and not one! In this beautiful country, the highest representatives of the authorities sit on KVN and laugh at themselves. And the students, so cheerful and resourceful, and where are they grown? These are not students, but some walking along with their innocent, affectionate jokes. Even in this country, a great songwriter appeared, whose hits our pop music is just happy to perform. But first about the good.

In this beautiful country, everyone is peaceful and tolerant.

“Odessa steamer”

Oh, how Odessa experts, fans of Zhvanetsky, liberals of the whole world attacked this film!

Odessa is not the same, the reprise is not the same, it was impossible to shoot them, you just need to listen to Zhvanetsky. And if not Zhvanetsky, then the blessed memory of Raikin, Kartsev and Ilchenko, to whom Zhvanetsky gave his immortal humor. The words “vulgarity”, “haste”, “sunset” sounded.

All the bumps flew at the director Sergei Ursulyak. He was also avenged for his recent TV series “Bad Weather”, which he shot about “Afghans” and about our life. Advanced creative people thought that Ursulyak was ours, and he turned out to be not theirs, but his own.

But these are details. They did not understand anything, his critics. We didn’t see (didn’t want to see!) That thinnest fabric of Odessa color, which was embroidered by Ursulyak from Zhvanetsky. At first, by a sinful deed, I also thought that Zhvanetsky, like, for example, Dovlatov, was not translated into the language of cinema, or, like Pushkin, was not translated into foreign languages. But after…

The whole composition is so delicate, and each plot flows into the next, as if complementing it. And so, bit by bit, bit by bit, the same diversity of the eternally mocking, but never surrendering to the enemy, port city, the hero-city was created. And gradually meanings, half-hints, allusions appear. No, they don’t joke like that, they talk like that. These songs of the 70s here and there seem to set off the whole absurdity of Soviet Odessa life, its poverty, hypocrisy and the extraordinary charm of life.

That’s why Ursulyak was needed, one of the most intelligent and sensual Russian directors. Zhvanetsky is his man, and he knows how this Aesopian language of an ironic sage is deciphered.

For my taste, this kind of work with great artists (Makovetsky, Mashkov, Khamatova, Kryuchkova, Zolotovitsky … sorry if I missed anyone) will eventually become a classic of Russian TV, well, like Old Songs about the Main. And it will be possible to twist it for many, many years. It happens with many masterpieces, at first they are not understood.

And Odessa … Yes, there is no such Odessa anymore. This Odessa of the past or the future. Odessa Zhvanetsky. In this fabulous, fictional Odessa, the House of Trade Unions and people burning alive are impossible. In it, everyone loves everyone, even if they quarrel strongly. And so be it!

Photo: Lilia Sharlovskaya

“Song” away!

Voznesensky was: “Take Lenin off the money!” It’s easier for me: remove the “Song of the Year” already. Do you see what it has become?

This is laughter through tears, circus tent. I would have been angrier, wrote “parade of freaks,” but I’m kind today.

What are these songs, where did they come from? And who is listening to them? Well, no, people are sitting, a full hall, singing along, clapping. Where did they get them from? Or is this stormy, prolonged applause in the spirit of delight superimposed specifically on TV as a background?

Against this background, they, singers and singers, of course, are heroes, I can no longer see them. All the same clip performs faceless howls, robotic songs, plastic songs, artificial selection. And the masses are delighted with this wretched provinciality, praising each other, rewarding people themselves.

How we waited for “Song of the Year” in the USSR! Yes, I will now play an ancient old man on a blockage, for whom the water was wetter, and the grass was greener, and the girls were more beautiful. I don’t know about the girls, but the songs … As we waited for them, almost every one. And how they waited for Tolkunova, Senchina, Zykina, Rotara (no, she still has everything ok), Pugacheva, Piekha, “Syabrov”, “Verasov”, “Pesnyarov” … And Kobzon with Leshchenko and Magomayev. And in the hall sat Frenkel, Shainsky, Pauls, Fradkin, Mokrousov, standing up and bowing with dignity. And Migulya was, and Martynov, and Reznik with Dementyev, and Pakhmutova with Dobronravov.

And now one confusion instead of music.

Photo: Lilia Sharlovskaya

Little Sophie

She is getting younger and younger. God, what will she get to? Little Sophie is our Benjamin Button.

Look at some “Song-75”, there is also little Sophie, and compare it with the current one. Now she looks even brighter, fresher. Maybe it’s a matter of the wonders of television or plastic — it doesn’t matter. As the French say: after 40 years, everyone is responsible for their own face, and Sofochka, apparently, is still far from 40 until she’s 40. So she doesn’t answer.

Through Brezhnev, Andropov, Chernenko, Gorbachev, Yeltsin, Kravchuk, Kuchma, Yushchenko, Yanukovych, Zelensky, Putin, through the Soviet Afghan and the Ukrainian ATO, Sofochka again got to us at Ogonyok. Say what you like, but she is our bond, spiritual bond. Melancoly, you know, is a duolche melody. Well that’s it!

Photo: still from the film “Operation” Y “and other adventures of Shurik”

Old songs about the main thing

Again the New Year, and we, as always, are waiting for the old Soviet cinema. A movie that won’t change us.

And there is no other! “The Adventures of Shurik”, “Ivan Vasilyevich …”, “Office Romance”, “Moscow Does Not Believe in Tears”, “Irony of Fate …”, of course. And also from “Hello, I’m your aunt!” to “D’Artagnan” and “Sherlock Holmes”. The youngest of these films is over 30 years old.

Here’s to you, grandmother, and stagnation, here’s the “damned Soviet past.” And how they knew how to joke and laugh at themselves, and wink, seek and find meanings! How they knew how not to finish speaking, so much so that everyone, everyone, everyone understood.

Once Leonid Parfenov was scolded into dust that he came up with “Old songs about the main thing”, but so talentedly, but with such love. Here, they said, it betrays nostalgia for the obsolete past, for the USSR, rolls out of the grave of Stalin and other communists. But how can you not love the past, you cannot order your heart. What passes will be nice.

And what – to love these, today’s ?! Yes, they have nothing to show, to justify everything. There is nothing to cover. All the best, at least in a cultural sense, remained in the distant scoop, despite even the terrible and stupid censorship. The heroes are not you, but Ryazanov, Gaidai, Danelia, Sergey Bondarchuk, Menshov and many, many others. We wait for them every New Year, and on March 8, and on Russia Day. They are with us.