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VS explained how an employee to avoid dismissal for forced time off

It is impossible to dismiss an employee who has taken time off on urgent matters for absenteeism – such an explanation was made by the Supreme Court. The higher authority interceded for the woman whom the boss showed to the door only because she left for the funeral of a loved one.

It is important to consider all circumstances and past merits of the employee

A complaint from a resident of Tambov reached the Supreme Court. For many years, the woman worked in the local central market. Two years ago, an employee had a misfortune: a relative died in Moscow. Having learned about the tragedy, she asked the director for two days to go to the capital for the funeral. The boss ordered to write an application for unpaid leave and said that he would release the subordinate. The lady immediately told the whole team about the upcoming trip. In addition, she took the original of the application to the personnel department, and handed over a copy to the archives of the document specialist. Returning to work, the deputy director of the market learned the shocking news: she was fired for absenteeism. The chief backed down and said that he did not approve of any vacation at his own expense and did not release the employee from the workplace. The lady failed to challenge the dismissal in the courts. All instances concluded that the truth is on the employer’s side. He did not issue an order on granting leave, the employee did not familiarize herself with it against signature. This means that, as the judges decided, agreements with the boss do not work in words. However, the Supreme Court sided with the offended worker, returned the case for review and made an important clarification for those who are used to asking time off from work orally. As noted by the panel of supreme judges in their determination, the lower instances did not take into account the circumstances under which absenteeism was committed, if at all. It’s one thing if the employee just went out on a spree or decided to sleep until lunch. And it is quite different if he had to leave for a funeral or sit out at home because of poor health. At the same time, the Supreme Court recalled that according to the law, in the event of the death of close relatives, the employer, in principle, cannot refuse the employee a “funeral” leave. In all other cases, the courts should take into account all the employee’s past merits, the presence or absence of disciplinary offenses in his biography and his attitude to work in general. As pointed out by the Supreme Court, dismissal, even for absenteeism, should be chosen by the employer only as a last resort. It should be taken into account whether the employee has dependents: children, elderly parents or sick relatives.

It will be very easy to write off or use a hint at a distant session

It is already obvious that due to the coronavirus pandemic, the autumn session at universities, like the previous spring session, will also be held online. As the teachers told us on condition of anonymity, they are preparing ahead of time for large expenditures on the purchase of hardware, software and platforms necessary for remote admission of exams, and also anticipate blunders in student responses that have arisen due to cheating and prompts.

Who are Herzon and Odarev

Exam exam, of course, strife. For example, exams in special courses and other subjects of specialization for senior students are easy: there are not so many who pass, and all of them are known to the department as flaky. So everything, according to the teachers, here everything is done “without children’s tricks and evasions.”

A different matter is exams in the so-called general courses, which are listened to by all students, but only a dozen of them from a stream of 120-150 people are needed for future specialization. Such a course is usually taken by a lecturer who not only does not even vaguely represent the potential of each student, but the vast majority of students do not know by sight. This is where the fun begins.

According to the rules, before the online exam, the student, of course, presents a document confirming his identity. For example, a student card. But the quality of the connection does not allow us to identify with certainty who entered the exam. And this creates the basis for a variety of combinations, such as the formation of a pool of “specialists” to pass one or another exam. Students, whatever one may say, are smart people, moreover, they are distinguished by a heightened sense of mutual assistance.

Another session life hack is cheating, the possibilities of which online mode, of course, almost tenfold. How the half-hour preparation for the answers to the ticket is going, teachers often do not see. Yes, this, in truth, is not so important, because later, when answering, the examiner sees only the student’s face and part of the table. What lies (or who stands, sits) on the side of the computer, no one except the examinee knows. And it can be anything – from a tablet with an answer to the corresponding request on the Internet, to a prompter competent in the question that has fallen out.

True, with oral answers, an experienced teacher will easily catch the student cheating or prompting: just a couple of questions about the course – and it’s in the bag. But written tests are another matter. Moreover, a number of universities officially allow you to take exams (and not current, but even additional entrance tests) … with headphones! And such a fortune, you see, is a sin not to use it. And many do use it.

Who, for example, in your opinion, are Herzon and Odarev mentioned in one of the examination papers? Hedgehog is clear: Herzen and Ogarev, it’s just that the author of the answer heard the “specialist” prompt in the headphones. And how to explain the statement in another work that “Zinovye and Kamenev have lost their tails?” It’s very simple: they dictated not “tails”, but “posts”, and the person misheard even in the simplicity of his soul, or, perhaps, in the heat of the examination fervor, without thinking, and blurted out in response, as he imagined.

You can laugh at student jokes as much as you like. But the fact that the teachers were thrown into the session, like into a loophole, without any support, is not at all funny. Neither connection to paid platforms, allowing long and high-quality communication with students online, nor payment for Internet traffic, much less providing computers with all the necessary bells and whistles, such as video cameras – the teachers received none of this! They promised to help only in one case. True, they refused to issue a computer for the duration of the session. But from their generosity they promised to bring a package of buckwheat or toilet paper. And this is an unprecedented case of the university’s desire to help its teacher.

“In general, distance education is such a sluggish catastrophe,” summed up the co-chairman of the University Solidarity trade union, Andronik Arutyunov. – The assimilation of information by students has dropped significantly, the quality of education has correspondingly collapsed to the bottom. It is a waste of time to conduct a session in such conditions: it is clear that the level of students’ understanding of the material will be extremely low. There are several problems at once. First, these are the fundamental limitations of the format of distance education itself. It is simply impossible to tell many things like that. Secondly, distance learning requires a completely different format of training by teachers, and very specific skills. Teachers often simply do not possess such skills, and even without that, having an exorbitant workload, starting to spend 1.5-2 times more time on preparing for classes does not at all contribute to improving the quality of teaching. Thirdly, many teachers are simply not provided with the necessary equipment: a tablet, a webcam, light, high-quality Internet. Well, those who are provided for – mainly at their own expense. In general, you need to be aware that today’s students, especially first-year students, will have an education much lower than our average (already not brilliant) level.