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The Ministry of Education thought about the constant school distance for some subjects

The Ministry of Education wants to legally fix school remote control. Schools may have the right to independently choose whether to introduce a “distance” or not. True, so far this will only affect additional classes.

This format of training can affect optional classes

The Ministry of Education has developed amendments to the “Procedure for the organization and implementation of educational activities for additional general education programs.” The document deals with school circles, sections and electives. The project introduces a new clause in the rules. It says that the school itself will be able to choose the format of additional classes. The amendments focus on the epidemiological situation in each specific region. That is, the director of a school or children’s art house does not have to wait for the decision of the mayor or governor to transfer the circles to a remote location. But the consent of students and parents is required. As stated in the document, if necessary, an increase in the share of e-learning and distance learning technologies will have to be fixed in an agreement. This is especially true if, due to the transition to home mode, the terms of mastering the program or the cost of training will shift. Providing an information environment, access to digital resources – all this, as follows from the draft order, will fall on the shoulders of teachers. At the same time, an individual approach to students and the effectiveness of training should not suffer due to the abandonment of the usual format.

EXPERT OPINION

Leonid Perlov, a teacher at the Moscow Physics and Mathematics Lyceum, comments: “There are currently no academic disciplines that can be transferred to distance learning without compromising the quality of education. Today, there is no operational system that would allow such a process to be established. The technologies and training programs that we now have do not allow us to talk about distance learning. This is the old teaching according to the old programs, but not in the classroom, but through the monitor. They are created from wheels and “on the knee”. This is essentially a beta version. To evaluate the results of such training, a time lag is required. This is a year or two for schoolchildren of all ages, not just graduates. “

Ministry of Internal Affairs asked for the right to take children from careless parents

The Ministry of Internal Affairs is in favor of obtaining the right to “temporary isolation” of children from their parents in cases where the child is in danger. In connection with what such a need has arisen and what will its implementation result in, will there not be abuses on the part of the police, the public’s trust in which leaves much to be desired? “MK” tried to understand this difficult issue.

Stanislav KOLESNIK, head of the Department for Ensuring Public Order and Coordination of Interaction with the Executive Authorities of the subjects of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, told MK:

– This problem is very urgent: the number of crimes against minors is increasing. Over the past four years, their number has increased by 90%. But when it comes to removing a child from the family, the Family Code gives such powers at the moment only to the guardianship authorities, which, of course, do not work around the clock. They are not on duty, as in law enforcement agencies. And when police officers receive a message about the dangerous situation of a child, they are forced to act independently.

We have the authority to pick up children who are in a state of neglect. We confiscate them, place them in social or medical institutions, and then they are dealt with by the guardianship authorities. But it happens in different ways. Let’s say we come to an apartment with drunk parents. The child is in danger. What to do in such a situation when guardianship has a day off? We, of course, take measures to protect him, but it turns out that the police officers are exceeding their powers …

We are not saying that we need to be empowered with unconditional powers in the matter of removing a child from a family, as some media outlets broadcast. It is necessary to work out a mechanism, an algorithm for the actions of all subjects who are involved in this process when the child is in danger.

– But there can be abuses by the police?

– We have been doing this work for many years. And excesses can be everywhere: both in excessive measures in responding to a situation, and in non-response. The human factor always exists. But the time has come to settle this issue.

– Are there people in the police specially trained to communicate with children?

– Of course, there are juvenile affairs units for this. Trained employees work there, many of them with pedagogical education.

Member of the Council under the Government of the Russian Federation on issues of guardianship in the social sphere, President of the Volunteers to Help Orphans Charity Fund Elena ALSHANSKAYA for its part, “MK” explained:

– Even now, in 90% of cases of actual selection of children from families, this is done by the police, and only in 10% it is done by guardianship. Indeed, at this time, the police are forced to act at the junction of the law: law enforcement agencies are forced to “pull by the ears” Article 120 of the Federal Law – when children can be taken away if they are left “without supervision,” although in fact the child has parents. Now only the guardianship authorities are empowered to take children away. Having seized the child, they must, within seven days, submit documents to the prosecutor’s office with a claim for deprivation or restriction of parental rights. But, firstly, it is difficult to collect such a package of documents in seven days, and secondly, it completely closes the child’s path back to the family. The law does not provide for a third option: that you can not deprive anyone of their rights, not limit their rights, but for example, return the child back, work with the family. After all, it is not known whether this is a one-time situation or a permanent one.

– Do you think there can be abuses on the part of the police if you give them the powers in question?

– A big minus of police visits is that they are used to seeing danger where it might not actually be. The police, I suspect, are now making child removal decisions more often than social services. You need to find an adequate option. To avoid these excessive selections. I would suggest not giving these powers to the police if there is no corpus delicti. Nevertheless, I am inclined to change the system of guardianship bodies. It is necessary to strengthen personnel, to make guardianship working around the clock, or at least to bring on duty. And then we can tell the police: these are not your stories.

Another important point: we must have places where we could move not only the child who is in danger, but also other family members. We do not have such temporary places. Therefore, it is necessary to change and build this entire system. And also such a moment: it is necessary to provide for the possibility so that the child can be quickly and painlessly transferred to relatives or acquaintances of adults immediately, without registration of guardianship or having issued it in an hour. And it is not necessary to take him either to this unfortunate hospital, where he will be alone in the ward, or to the shelter.

The Ministry of Health threatened to tighten the rules for the import of a number of drugs

The Ministry of Health is tightening the rules for the import of imported drugs. The ban will include drugs marked “recommended by the World Health Organization.”

The department decided to fight unscrupulous figures in the pharmaceutical industry, and serious patients may suffer

For this, the department has prepared amendments to the Criminal Code. The project is currently undergoing public discussion.

It is planned to amend Article 238.1 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation, which provides for liability for the illegal import and sale of unregistered imported drugs and medical devices. The punishment under this article is imprisonment from three to five years.

However, exceptions have been made. First, the drug or medical device is not manufactured in Russia and at the same time complies with the national legislation on health protection. Second, the medicine is recommended for use by the World Health Organization.

It was to the second exception that the Ministry of Health had claims. The department came to the conclusion that the mark “recommended by the WHO” has actually turned into a loophole for everyone who wants to introduce any imported drugs and medical gadgets into the Russian market without taking into account their safety data.

“This wording actually decriminalizes the import into the Russian Federation and further sale of unregistered foreign medicines and medical devices, the safety of which has not been confirmed,” explains the need to amend the Ministry of Health. As noted in the department, WHO does not maintain lists of specific recommended drugs for use.

“The existing WHO Model List of Essential Medicines uses international non-proprietary names without reference to a specific drug and its manufacturer,” officials said in an explanatory note to the bill.

The initiative of the Ministry of Health may hit patients with rare diseases, says Irina Myasnikova, chairman of the board of the All-Russian Society of Orphan Diseases. According to experts, patients may be held hostage to a situation when they cannot obtain imported medicines due to the import ban, and domestic pharmaceutical companies, with all their will, will not be able to produce analogues due to the complexities of international patent law.

– There is a concept of patent protection. If a medicine that is produced by a single company in the world enjoys this protection, no one else can produce it, – explained Irina Myasnikova.

This means that a number of drugs, in a bad scenario, may be blocked at the border and not get to patients. This risk exists for people with cystic fibrosis.

– The drugs necessary for patients with cystic fibrosis are produced by a foreign pharmaceutical company. In 2011, she registered her medicine in the USA, in 2012 – in Europe. When our organization contacted this company with a question when they were going to register in Russia, they replied that they had no such plans. They just don’t want to, ”Myasnikova complains.

Another reason for potential drug outages is low production margins. For the manufacture of drugs and medical devices for rare diseases, pharmaceutical holdings operate at a loss due to the small number of patients and small production volumes. As experts explain, in Western countries there are state support programs for such manufacturers in the firm of subsidies and benefits. Our support for the pharmaceutical industry has not yet reached such a pace to provide manufacturers with the necessary investments. At the same time, for some rare diseases, the cost of drugs reaches tens, or even hundreds of millions of rubles. As Irina Myasnikova said, one patient with cystic fibrosis per year needs 24 million rubles worth of drugs in rubles. For a patient with spinal muscular atrophy, a single dose of the drug, which must be administered at an early age, is 160 million rubles.

The Ministry of Health will change the list of medical indications for abortion

The Ministry of Health plans to change the list of medical indications for abortion – the department has prepared a draft of the corresponding order.

If a woman is diagnosed with rubella, it will be possible to terminate the pregnancy at a later date.

The updated document includes serious diseases that are severe or require treatment that is dangerous for the fetus. In addition, the list contains diagnoses that, in themselves, can cause malformations of the baby in the womb. One of these infections is rubella. It was also in the previous version of the list, but now the terms on which the termination of pregnancy is indicated have changed. If earlier it was about 12 weeks, now about 20. True, from the new list, the mention has gone that the contact of a pregnant woman who does not have antibodies to rubella with a sick person can also become a reason for an abortion.

Also, the updated list was supplemented by AIDS at the fourth stage. But the attitude of doctors to oncological diagnoses has changed. According to the current rules, any oncology that requires chemotherapy or radiation therapy in the pelvic area is an indication for termination of pregnancy. Now, such an indication will be cancer of the female genital organs, malignant blood diseases at the third and fourth stages, as well as various forms of anemia with an extremely severe course. Another reason for abortion is a severe disorder of copper metabolism with the risk of bleeding from the veins of the esophagus or psychotic disorders. Bipolar disorder is on the list of mental illnesses, but only if there is a risk that the expectant mother will commit suicide.