The Ministry of Education has published recommendations for schools on organizing a distance student. In particular, the department invites educational institutions to use various models of hybrid education, including in the case when some of the students are at home, and some are in the classroom. In addition, officials advise to conduct online lessons only in the most difficult disciplines. The rest of the subjects are recommended to be studied in an asynchronous order, when the teacher sends the assignment, and the student completes it. MK asked the teachers themselves what they thought about the new recommendations.
During the pandemic, the ministry suggested that educational institutions use a hybrid teaching format for students in grades 5-8 and 10 according to one of four models. For the rest of the students, it is proposed to use full-time education or alternation of full-time and distance learning.
In the hybrid learning model, the teacher is at school and the children are at home, for example, if one of the classes is quarantined. The second model assumes that the teacher teaches from home, and the children study at school under the supervision of a volunteer; this option is implemented in cases where the teacher is at risk. The third situation is that the teacher and some of the children are in the classroom, while the other part of the students works from home. This can happen if the children are quarantined after a trip, or the illness of a family member, or when someone’s parents wrote an application for transfer to telecommuting. And, finally, in the fourth model, a part of the students are at school together with the tutor, and the teacher and the second half of the class go to the lessons from the computer.
“The biggest questions are raised by the third model proposed by officials,” says geography teacher Alexander Popov. – The problem is that the teacher is not able to fully work with children in person and remotely at the same time. When such a model is implemented, neither one nor the other gets normal knowledge. It is clear that officials want to simultaneously please parents on opposite sides of the barricades, those who are in favor of a point and those who are in favor of distancing during the pandemic. But in practice, nothing good will come of this idea, the teacher cannot burst.
In its recommendations, the Ministry of Education gives a transcript of distance and e-learning. Distance assumes a lesson in real time. In e-learning, the teacher directs students to assignments for independent work, and then controls its implementation. Schools are encouraged to schedule their timetables so that half of the lessons are in one form and half in another. Officials advise remotely to conduct classes in subjects with a high grade of difficulty. For secondary school, this includes mathematics (algebra and geometry), chemistry, physics, biology, foreign and Russian languages.
“If you follow the recommendations of officials, it turns out that remotely studying such important subjects as literature, history and geography can be left to chance,” says Natalya Smirnova, a teacher of Russian and literature. – If online training lasts a couple of weeks, you can still survive, but in some regions children are already studying remotely for the second month, and there is no end in sight. In our school, part of the lessons in each discipline is transferred to electronic format. For example, I teach 2 literature lessons online in real time, and instead of the third, I give independent work that needs to be sent by e-mail. But even with this approach, the quality of education decreases, we lag behind the program, children perceive information worse. If we follow the orders of the Ministry, we will simply lose knowledge of the subjects. In addition, there will be an inequality between teachers – why some should fully teach lessons, while others only send and check assignments?
When determining the duration of the lessons that take place online, the Ministry recommends following the SanPiN norms. In accordance with them, the maximum duration of one lesson for students in grades 5-6 is 30 minutes, and for students in 7-11 grades – 35 minutes.
– It is impossible to fully complete the program even with a reduced time of lessons at a distance, – Andrey Nikolaevich, a mathematics teacher, is sure. – I teach in specialized mathematics classes, their program is complex. In the lesson, especially for 6th graders, it takes about five minutes only for all the children to enter the conference and turn on the cameras. At the same time, in the recommendations, teachers are also encouraged to interrupt so that the children do warm-up and visual gymnastics. If you follow all the rules, at best 20 minutes remain from the lesson. It is important to understand that it takes a lot of time for children to independently analyze a misunderstood topic. Most of them are looking for information on the Internet, and as a result, they sit behind the screen for longer than in the case of a full analysis of the material in an online lesson. And the participation of parents in teaching children with reduced classes is also increasing, I do not think that many will like it.