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A witness in the Sokolov case described the last evening with Yeshchenko

On October 26, the St. Petersburg City Court continued the interrogation of witnesses for the defense of the dismemberment historian Oleg Sokolov, who killed Anastasia Yeshchenko. This time Sokolov was “defended” by the teacher of labor and drawing Konstantin Yerunov and the actor Lepikhov. The actor, who was convicted of rape, tried to present evidence that Yevgeny Ponasenkov told him to beat Sokolov. Yerunov spoke about Yeshchenko’s inhospitableness.

The second person invited to the court described the threats of Ponasenkov

The teacher Konstantin Yerunov is fond of history, participated in historical reconstructions – along this line he has known Sokolov for more than thirty years. The teacher, like most of the witnesses for the defense, began by praising the defendant “A bright leader, a man who was respected, could always help.” According to him, the historian helped him when he had a difficult psychological period in his life. “They are with Anya (with ex-wife – “MK”) did not spare either time or money to get me out of this state, ”he said.

He saw Anastasia Yeshchenko from afar several times. And three or four days before the murder, they met in Sokolov’s apartment, where the teacher and his son came to visit.

“Anastasia sat a little to one side, moving away, and was more silent. The relationship between Oleg Valerievich and Anastasia surprised me very much. I have seen many women with him. Some were true hyenas, but there were also disinterested ones who became wives.

Anastasia strangely, apart, kept herself, when Oleg Valerievich tried to involve her in a conversation, she demonstratively gained distance. It seems as if she is pretending: who came here?

About some shrimps, she said: “No, we won’t put shrimps on the table.” There was a feeling that something was wrong here. The setting was not the most welcoming of her. I even had an idea to call Oleg Valerievich the next day, to talk to him separately. I still reproach myself – maybe if I had called the next day, something could have gone differently, ”Yerunov concluded.

Answering the question of the lawyer of the victims, the witness said that around Sokolov at different times he saw about two hundred women. “But how to count it? For example, ballerinas from the Mariinsky Theater come, he had a wonderful evening by candlelight, but there were no intimate connections there. ” The teacher and several of the historian’s wives found him, and he and his wife had close contact with Anna until the murder of Nastya Yeshchenko. After the “tragedy,” the dismemberment’s ex-wife closed for communication.

Then the court interrogated Alexander Lepikhov, an actor. He does not know Sokolov personally – which is strange for a witness. However, this did not prevent Lepikhov from arranging a real performance in the courtroom. And again it was about the conflict between Sokolov and the historian Ponasenkov.

“The case of Oleg Valerievich needs justice. The state in which the terrible crime was committed was created by hand. These are years of persecution, “he began …

– How do you know that? The judge asked.

– Because it’s true, it’s true. This is my conclusion.

– So you say that you don’t know Sokolov personally?

“I don’t know, but it’s not necessary.

– Do you know Ponasenkov?

As it turned out, Lepikhov is personally acquainted with Ponasenkov, they began to communicate in February 2018. “We became friends on Facebook and started communicating. Once I was driving with Evgeny Nikolaevich in his car on his business. He spoke on the phone: “Yes, yes, yes, it’s cool, be sure to let him go to his lecture, take my book, shake her, ask questions! I will thank him later, ”the actor said.

According to him, this was exactly the guy who was at the lecture of Oleg Sokolov, his name is Anton Kuzhim. Then Lepikhov said that Ponasenkov asked his entourage, assistants, including the actor, to call and complain about Oleg Valerievich at St. Petersburg State University.

“Personally, Evgeny Nikolayevich gave me texts that needed to be spoken on the phone,” he said. This was followed by a colorful sketch about Ponasenkov’s hatred of Sokolov: “Ponasenkov drank, ran around the apartment, shouted:“ Well, he will dance with me, he will play according to my script! ”

– Witness, do not forget that you are not in the theater! – the judge could not resist.

Then Lepikhov told an even more textured episode: “Ponasenkov asked me to gather a group of strong guys to go to St. Petersburg. It was necessary to catch the drunk Oleg Valerievich in the dark streets of Petersburg, beat him, put him on his knees and urinate on his face, record all this on video and send it to him. I don’t know for what purpose ”.

Then the witness decided to show his correspondence with Ponasenkov in the messenger.

– How does all this in principle relate to the murder of Anastasia Yeshchenko? – asked the lawyer of the victims.

As a result, the court refused to attach the printouts of the actor’s correspondence with Ponasenkov to the case, arguing that they were not relevant to the case. Then Sokolov spoke loudly from the “aquarium”: he asked to confirm that Ponasenkov had asked to beat him and use violence.

In the final, the actor suggested that Ponasenkov was an “agent of another country” because he posted videos on an American video platform – you must understand, on YouTube. Then he continued to talk about the personality of Ponasenkov, to which the judge proposed to stop this circus. “Witness, you have no right to give assessments, you must answer questions here!” Answering questions from the side of the victims, the witness admitted that he had been tried for causing grievous bodily harm and rape. “I was sentenced to two years. That was twelve years ago. ”

Then the actor promised to contact the Investigative Committee in order to achieve the initiation of a criminal case against Ponasenkov. Sokolov also expressed his hope. In the process of the murder of Nastya Yeshchenko, who seemed to have been completely forgotten in the heat of the dispute about Ponasenkov, the last witnesses of the defense are awaiting.

Exhausted by the case of the denunciation of nurses, the doctor wins in the Supreme Court

Citizens who have been unlawfully prosecuted can recover not only moral damage, but also compensation for damage to business reputation – this is the explanation given by the Supreme Court. This option is possible if the criminal case became a black mark on the resume and the person was unable to get a job again.

Sun explained how to get compensation for damage to business reputation

A doctor from Voronezh applied to the higher authority with a complaint. The woman worked for many years as the deputy chief physician of one of the city hospitals. In 2016, following a denunciation by two nurses, a criminal case was opened against her for abuse of office. The investigation dragged on for almost a year and a half, the case fell apart as a result and was dismissed for lack of corpus delicti. Then it was reopened, closed again – and so on four times.

From the nerves and health of the doctor to the moment when the investigators finally gave up, only one name remained. The woman went to court with a claim for compensation for moral damage. She estimated it at 600 thousand rubles. However, the Voronezh judges decided to curtail the doctor’s appetites and awarded her only 20 thousand. On appeal, the decision survived. The judges concluded that the physician could not count on more, because she was not in custody, but was under recognizance not to leave. But the Supreme Court found this amount ridiculous and returned the case for review.

“The court of first instance did not find out the severity of the physical and mental suffering inflicted on the plaintiff in connection with the unlawful criminal prosecution, did not give a proper legal assessment of such circumstances as the general duration of the preliminary investigation (16 months), the conduct of investigative actions with her participation, including a search in her home, and long stay in the status of a suspect, “- emphasized the Armed Forces in the definition.

Moreover, as the highest judges pointed out, the victim of an illegal criminal prosecution can also count on additional compensation for damage to his business reputation. The Collegium of the Armed Forces noted that the doctor lost her job due to a criminal case. Although she had worked in medicine for 31 years before the incident, she was repeatedly awarded for her diligent work. However, even after the case was closed, she was unable to re-enter the healthcare system, each time receiving refusals from potential employers.

Supreme Court clarifies how to divide property in case of “extended” divorce

Important advice for couples who have decided to part ways, but are still dragging their feet with an official breakup, was given by the Supreme Court. It is better to get a divorce right away, otherwise then you will have to share even what both have gained while living apart.

Jointly acquired good is what is acquired even after parting

As it became known to “MK”, ​​the Armed Forces dealt with the dispute between the couple from St. Petersburg. The couple got married in 2008, but decided to separate in 2015. However, they were in no hurry to go to the registry office and lived separately for a whole year, but in the status of legal spouses. After the legal divorce, the ex-wife filed a lawsuit for the division of property. She was not satisfied that her ex-faithful had ten million rubles in the bank account. The man rescued money from his activities as a private entrepreneur – he was engaged in washing and disinfecting tankers. The lady lost two trials. The judges refused to recognize the accumulated millions as jointly acquired property. First, the businessman earned money when he was already living separately from his wife. And secondly, the plaintiff could not give a single argument in favor of the fact that a substantial amount was intended for any needs of the crumbling family. However, the complaint to the Supreme Court yielded very unexpected results. The higher authority agreed with the woman. In its definition, the Collegium of the Supreme Court noted that the Family Code calls any property and money acquired during marriage as joint. Moreover, income from the entrepreneurial activity of one of the spouses also falls into the common piggy bank. So the trip to the registry office for an official divorce only a year after the real breakup of the family for the businessman husband turned out to be a big mistake. All decisions of the lower courts, which were not in favor of the plaintiff, were overturned by the Supreme Court and sent back for reconsideration.

In Russia, “in case of emergency” allowed to steal patents for medicines

The draft law on compulsory licensing of drugs, which we have tried to push through for several years, has finally “entered” a pandemic. The State Duma of the Russian Federation adopted it at the plenary session in the first reading unanimously. And very soon Russia will join the small list of countries where they wanted to spit on copyright, and therefore it is dangerous to deal with them.

Deputies legalized piracy

The document permits, in some cases, the production of domestic analogues of foreign drugs with an unexpired patent protection period. Experience has shown that large drug manufacturers prefer to bypass markets with this practice.

For more than a year, a serious drug catastrophe has been going on in our country – a huge number of drugs have irrevocably gone from our market. Including those who have no replacement. There are several reasons for this – the overly complicated registration procedure for Western drugs; the requirement to supply us with drugs at prices lower than the cost, because they are on the list of vital and necessary, to which the manufacturers do not agree. The pandemic only exacerbated this systemic crisis – many drugs also disappeared due to rush demand, but the introduction of a new labeling system, which simply paralyzed the market, made a much larger contribution to recent events.

The problems have not been resolved, and instead of revising the terms of supply and registration, we are hammering another nail into the coffin of the drug market. The bill, which was so opposed by market participants, which will worsen the situation for both manufacturers and patients, was passed without the slightest objection from the deputies. According to the amendments to Art. 1360 of the Civil Code of the Russian Federation, in case of “urgent need related to the provision of defense and security, including the protection of the life and health of citizens”, the government of the Russian Federation has the right to decide on the use of an invention, utility model or industrial design without the consent of the patent holder. In such a strange and not quite civilized way, it is supposed to quickly make up for the absence or shortage of foreign patented drugs in the country. As the deputy told. Head of the Federal Antimonopoly Service Sergey Puzyrevsky, this document will allow “to quickly fill the lack of drugs” and “increase the level of economic security.” According to him, there are many countries practicing a compulsory licensing mechanism, for example, Indonesia. Deputy Zarif Baiguskarov from United Russia explained that the new mechanism will be allowed to be used in “emergency cases” when there is a threat to health, and compensation will be paid to the owner of the drug patent. And although one of the deputies suggested that the new law would allow, using the wording of “extreme necessity”, to actively introduce the instrument of illegal seizure of intellectual property, the document was approved unanimously. Because Mr. Puzyrevsky clarified that “the copyright holder always retains the right of judicial protection.”

Meanwhile, the civilized world has abandoned this rather barbaric practice. It is found in third countries, but whether it is worth taking an example from them is a big question. After all, we are talking about the formation of the country’s reputation in the market: if the state at any time can not give a damn about copyright, in fact, steal the formula of a drug that is under patent protection and start producing copies of it, this does not characterize it on the positive side. Experience shows that in countries where a compulsory licensing mechanism is allowed, pharmaceutical giants prefer not to supply innovative drugs – out of harm’s way. In addition, compulsory licensing entails a sharp deterioration in the investment climate. For example, in India, after its introduction, the level of investment in pharmaceuticals fell immediately threefold.

Innovation comes to countries and develops where there is strong intellectual property rights protection. In terms of the level of intellectual property protection, Russia ranks 29th out of 50 countries in the world, behind such countries as Morocco, Costa Rica, Malaysia, Turkey, and others. “This speaks of the strict dependence of our country on foreign developments. And so that they can be implemented here, it is important to ensure the protection of intellectual rights. Where this is fixed at the state level, life expectancy is, on average, at least 10 years higher than in Russia: any innovation in the field of healthcare leads to an increase in survival, an increase in average life expectancy, ”says pharmaceutical market expert Irina Svyato. However, it is not customary for us to think so far ahead.